Peter Mayhew

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Peter Mayhew
Peter Mayhew 2015.jpg
Ganwyd Peter William Mayhew Edit this on Wikidata
19 Mai 1944 Edit this on Wikidata
Barnes Edit this on Wikidata
Bu farw 30 Ebrill 2019 Edit this on Wikidata (74 oed)
Achos: Trawiad ar y galon Edit this on Wikidata
Boyd Edit this on Wikidata
Dinasyddiaeth Y Deyrnas Unedig, Unol Daleithiau America Edit this on Wikidata
Galwedigaeth actor ffilm, cynorthwyydd nyrs, Actor, actor teledu Edit this on Wikidata
Gwefan http://www.chewbacca.com/ Edit this on Wikidata

Actor Seisnig-Americanaidd oedd Peter William Mayhew (19 Mai 194430 Ebrill 2019) a oedd yn fwyaf adnabyddus am bortreadu Chewbacca yn y gyfres ffilm Star Wars. Chwaraeodd y cymeriad mewn ymddangosiadau byw o'r ffilm wreiddiol yn 1977 hyd at The Force Awakens yn 2015 cyn iddo ymddeol o'r rôl.

Bywyd cynnar[golygu | golygu cod y dudalen]

Ganwyd Peter Mayhew ar 19 Mai 1944 yn Barnes, Surrey.[1] Nid oedd ei daldra o ganlyniad i gigantiaeth; "Does gen i ddim y pen mawr", meddai Mayhew pan ofynnwyd iddo am achos ei daldra.[2][3] Ei daldra uchaf oedd 7 feet 3 inches (2.21 m).[4]

Gwaith cynnar[golygu | golygu cod y dudalen]

Cafodd Mayhew ei swydd actio cyntaf ym 1976 pan fe'i ddarganfyddwyd gan gynhyrchwyr Sinbad and the Eye of the Tiger mewn erthygl papur newydd am ddynion â thraed mawr, ac fe'i ddewiswyd i chwarae rôl y minotaur.[5][6]

Mayhew mewn llun adrannol o'r adran radioleg, King's College Hospital, Llundain, 1972
Mayhew yn Big Apple Con, 14 Tachwedd 2008, yn eistedd o flaen delwedd o Chewbacca

Wrth gastio ei ffilm Star Wars gyntaf, roedd y crëwr George Lucas angen actor tal a allai chwarae rhan yr aliwn blewog Chewbacca. Yn wreiddiol roedd yn ystyried y corffluniwr 6 feet 6 inches (1.98 m) David Prowse, ond dewisodd Prowse chwarae Darth Vader. Yn dilyn proses o chwilio gan Lucas, darganfu Mayhew, a oedd yn gweithio fel cynorthwywr yn adran radioleg Ysbyty King's College, Llundain,[7] a dywedodd mai'r unig beth oedd rhaid iddo ei wneud i chwarae rhan Chewbacca oedd sefyll.[8][9]

Chwaraeodd Mayhew ran Chewbacca mewn pum ffilm Star Wars: y drioleg wreiddiol (Star Wars, The Empire Strikes Back a Return of the Jedi ), Star Wars: Pennod III - Revenge of the Sith a Star Wars: The Force Awakens.[10] Chwaraeodd y rôl yn y ffilm deledu Star Wars Holiday Special yn 1978 ac mewn ymddangosiad yn 1980 ar The Muppet Show. Cofnododd hefyd ddeialog ar gyfer pennod olaf Cyfres 3 "Star Wars: The Clone Wars" sef "Wookiee Hunt".[11][12]

Chwaraeodd Mayhew y rôl mewn hysbysebion, gwnaeth ymddangosiadau mewn ysbytai i blant sâl, ac ymddangosodd fel Chewbacca y tu allan i ffilmiau Star Wars. Cafodd Mayhew, yn ymddangos fel Chewbacca, ei anrhydeddu â Gwobr Cyflawniad Oes yng Ngwobrau Ffilm MTV 1997.[13] Yn ogystal, cafodd ei anrhydeddu pan ryddhawyd y PlayStation Portable newydd pan wisgodd fel Chewbacca a dal fyny fersiwn newydd y PSP.[14]

Gwnaeth hefyd ymddangosiadau eraill ar y cyfryngau heb chwarae Chewbacca. Ymddangosodd ar raglen NBC, Identity, lle'r oedd ei hunaniaeth yn seiliedig ar y ffaith iddo chwarae Chewbacca a roedd yn westai cyson yn nyddiau cynnar Slice of SciFi.[15]

Tra bod Mayhew wedi portreadu Chewbacca yn Star Wars: The Force Awakens, nid oedd yn Star Wars: The Last Jedi ond fe'i rhestrwyd yn y credydau fel "Chewbacca Consultant".[16] Ymddeolodd Mayhew o chwarae Chewbacca oherwydd problemau iechyd. Rhannodd Mayhew y gwaith o bortreadu Chewbaca gyda Joonas Suotamo yn Star Wars: The Force Awakens, a cymerwyd y rhan gan Suotamo mewn ffilmiau Star Wars a ddilynodd.[17][18]

Gwaith arall[golygu | golygu cod y dudalen]

Y tu allan i Star Wars, ymddangosodd Mayhew yn y ffilm arswyd arswyd Terror (1978), a gyfarwyddwyd gan Norman J. Warren.[19][20] Yn fersiwn Saesneg Dragon Ball GT: A Hero's Legacy, lleisiodd y cymeriad Susha [21] Ymddangosodd hefyd yn Yesterday Was A Lie.[22]

Llyfrau[golygu | golygu cod y dudalen]

Ysgrifennodd Mayhew ddau lyfr ar gyfer gynulleidfa iau: Growing Up Giant,[23] sy'n esbonio mai cryfder yw bod yn wahanol nid gwendid, a'r llyfr gwrth-fwlio i blant My Favorite Giant.[24]

Bywyd personol[golygu | golygu cod y dudalen]

Roedd Mayhew yn byw gyda'i wraig Mary Angelique ("Angie") yn Boyd, Texas,[25] ac roedd yn berchennog busnes. Cafodd ei dderbyn yn ddinesydd o'r Unol Daleithiau yn 2005 mewn seremoni yn Arlington, Texas.[26][27] Mewn cyfweliad gyda Fort Worth Star-Telegram dyweddodd nad oedd wedi cael medal yn y seremoni hon chwaith, cyfeiriad at olygfa Star Wars lle mae Luke Skywalker a Han Solo yn derbyn medalau ond nid Chewbacca. Nododd Mayhew mewn cyfweliad MTV, er nad yw Chewbacca yn cael medal yn y ffilm, mae ef sy'n cael y llinell olaf, pan mae'n bloeddio.[28]

Cafodd Mayhew lawdriniaeth amnewid pen-glin dwbl yn 2013.[29] Ym mis Ionawr 2015, aeth Mayhew i'r ysbyty am gyfnod byr, ger ei gartref yn Texas, oherwydd pwl o niwmonia.[30][31] Ym mis Gorffennaf 2018, cyhoeddodd Mayhew drwy Twitter ei fod wedi llwyddo i gael llawdriniaeth asgwrn cefn amhenodol i wella ei symudedd, a'i fod yn gwella.

Bu farw Mayhew o drawiad ar y galon ar 30 Ebrill 2019 yn ei gartref yn Boyd, Texas, yn 74 mlwydd oed.[32]

Ffilmyddiaeth[golygu | golygu cod y dudalen]

Ffilm[golygu | golygu cod y dudalen]

Blwyddyn Teitl Rhan Nodiadau Cyf.
1977 Sinbad and the Eye of the Tiger Minoton Heb gydnabyddiaeth [5]
Star Wars Chewbacca [10]
1978 Terror The Mechanic [20]
1980 The Empire Strikes Back Chewbacca [10]
1982 Return of the Ewok Fideo fer [33]
1983 Return of the Jedi [10]
1987 Star Tours Ffilm fer, heb gydnabyddiaeth [34]
2004 Dragon Ball GT: A Hero's Legacy Susha Rhan llais;

Dyb Saesneg
[21]
2004 Comic Book: The Movie Ei hun [35]
2005 Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith Chewbacca [10]
2008 Yesterday Was a Lie Dead Man [22]
2015 Star Wars: The Force Awakens Chewbacca Rhannu'r rôl gyda Joonas Suotamo [10]
2016 Killer Ink Uncle Clyde [20]
2017 Star Wars: The Last Jedi Ddim ar gael Ymgynghorydd Chewbacca [16]
2018 Solo: A Star Wars Story [36]

Teledu[golygu | golygu cod y dudalen]

Blwyddyn Teitl Rhan Nodiadau
1977 Donny & Marie Chewbacca [37]
1978 Star Wars Holiday Special Rhifyn Arbennig i deledu[38]
1980 The Muppet Show Pennod: The Stars of Star Wars[39]
1981 Dark Towers The Tall Knight [20]
1985 The Kenny Everett Television Show Amrywiol Pennod #3.3[40]
2011 Star Wars: The Clone Wars Chewbacca Rhan llais; Pennod: Wookiee Hunt[41]
Glee Pennod: Extraordinary Merry Christmas[42]

Cyfeiriadau[golygu | golygu cod y dudalen]

  1. "Peter Mayhew". https://www.famousbirthdays.com/people/peter-mayhew.html.
  2. Quinn, Karl (12 Ebrill 2014). "Star Wars actor Peter Mayhew in Melbourne for Supernova fan convention". The Sydney Morning Herald. http://www.smh.com.au/victoria/star-wars-actor-peter-mayhew-in-melbourne-for-supernova-fan-convention-20140411-36iiy.html.
  3. Vankin, Jonathan (20 Ionawr 2015). "'Star Wars' actor, Peter 'Chewbacca' Mayhew, 70, stricken with pneumonia – sends fans message from hospital". http://www.inquisitr.com/1773155/star-wars-peter-chewbacca-mayhew-70-stricken-with-pneumonia-sends-fans-message-from-hospital/.
  4. "Peter Mayhew". Archifwyd o y gwreiddiol ar 10 Mai 2008. https://web.archive.org/web/20080510145817/http://www.petermayhew.com/peter.html.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Clark, Mark (2015). Star Wars FAQ: Everything Left to Know About the Trilogy That Changed the Movies. Applause Theatre & Cinema Books. ISBN 978-1-48036-018-1. 
  6. Hutchinson, Sean (19 Mai 2015). "15 Chewbacca Facts in Honour of Peter Mayhew's Birthday". http://mentalfloss.com/article/56801/15-chewbacca-facts-honor-peter-mayhews-birthday.
  7. Weiss, Josh (2 Mai 2019). "Peter Mayhew, original Chewbacca actor in Star Wars, passes away at 74" (yn en). https://www.syfy.com/syfywire/peter-mayhew-original-chewbacca-actor-in-star-wars-passes-away-at-74.
  8. Williamson, Brett (19 Tachwedd 2015). "The man who is Chewbacca shares tall tales Down Under" (yn en-AU). https://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-11-20/star-wars-chewbacca-peter-mayhew-visits-supanova-adelaide/6957668.
  9. Sparkes, David (3 Mai 2019). "A great 'walking carpet': Chewbacca actor Peter Mayhew dies" (yn en-AU). https://www.abc.net.au/radio/adelaide/programs/worldtoday/a-great-walking-carpet-chewbacca-actor-peter-mayhew-dies/11077386.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 Child, Ben (8 Ebrill 2014). "Original Chewbacca actor set to return in Star Wars: Episode VII". The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/film/2014/apr/08/chewbacca-actor-peter-mayhew-returns-episode-vii.
  11. "Remaking Wookiee: Chewbacca Becomes a Character on 'Star Wars: The Clone Wars'". The New York Times. 17 Chwefror 2011. http://artsbeat.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/02/17/remaking-wookiee-chewbacca-becomes-a-character-on-star-wars-the-clone-wars/.
  12. "The Clone Wars Episode Guide: Wookiee Hunt". http://starwars.com/theclonewars/guide/episode322.html.
  13. Chilton, Martin (13 Rhagfyr 2011). "Chewbacca film on Hollywood Black List". Telegraph Media Group Limited. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/film/film-news/8953702/Chewbacca-film-on-Hollywood-Black-List.html.
  14. "15 Candid Secrets Revealed About Peter Mayhew | Fan World". 21 Rhagfyr 2015. http://fanworld.co/15-candid-secrets-revealed-about-peter-mayhew/.
  15. Brooks, Summer (26 Hydref 2005). "Slice of SciFi #30: Interview with Peter Mayhew (Chewbacca, “Star Wars”)". https://www.sliceofscifi.com/2005/10/26/slice-of-scifi-30/.
  16. 16.0 16.1 "Star Wars: The Last Jedi - full credits". https://www.imdb.com/title/tt2527336/fullcredits.
  17. Hawkes, Rebecca (6 Ionawr 2016). "The 'secret' Chewbacca: meet the 6'11" basketball star who shared the role with Peter Mayhew in Star Wars: The Force Awakens". The Daily Telegraph. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/film/star-wars-the-force-awakens/chewbacca-actor-double-joonas-suotamo-peter-mayhew/.
  18. Orange, B. Alan (6 Ionawr 2016). "Meet The New Chewbacca Actor in Star Wars: The Force Awakens". http://movieweb.com/star-wars-force-awakens-chewbacca-actor-joonas-suotamo/.
  19. Wood, Chris (27 Chwefror 2010). "Terror (1978)". https://www.britishhorrorfilms.co.uk/terror.shtml.
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3 Boucher, Geoff; Petski, Denise; Pedersen, Erik (2 Mai 2019). "Peter Mayhew Dies: ‘Star Wars’ Chewbacca Actor Was 74" (yn en). https://deadline.com/2019/05/peter-mayhew-dead-star-wars-chewbacca-actor-was-74-1202606533/.
  21. 21.0 21.1 Walter, Joseph (22 Gorffennaf 2018). "20 Crazy Things Only True Fans Know About Dragon Ball GT" (yn en-US). https://screenrant.com/dragon-ball-gt-hidden-trivia/.
  22. 22.0 22.1 Chilton, Martin (4 Mai 2011). "Ewoks, sex dolls and comedy: what happened to the Star Wars cast". The Daily Telegraph. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/8492602/Ewoks-sex-dolls-and-comedy-what-happened-to-the-Star-Wars-cast.html.
  23. Mayhew, Peter; Mayhew, Angie (19 Tachwedd 2013). My Favorite Giant. One Mans Posse Production. ISBN 978-1-62098-826-8. 
  24. Goldman, Carrie (22 Ebrill 2011). "My Favorite Giant by Peter Mayhew (Chewbacca)". Archifwyd o'r gwreiddiol ar 30 Mehefin 2017. http://www.chicagonow.com/portrait-of-an-adoption/2011/04/my-favorite-giant-by-peter-mayhew-chewbacca/.
  25. Malone, Megan (8 Chwefror 2012). "Chewbacca Making Dallas-Area Appearances". http://www.nbcdfw.com/the-scene/events/Chewbacca-Making-Dallas-Area-Appearances-138961999.html.
  26. "Star Wars actor who played Chewbacca to become American citizen". 12 Hydref 2005. p. 16.
  27. "Chewbacca actor to become an American". 14 Hydref 2016. https://www.today.com/popculture/chewbacca-actor-become-american-1C9482782.
  28. "'Star Wars' actor, others pledge their allegiance". Fort Worth Star-Telegram: p. B2. 18 Hydref 2005.
  29. "Wookie knee repair: 'Star Wars' actor Peter Mayhew hopes to walk again after Fort Worth surgery". The Dallas Morning News. 11 Medi 2013. http://www.dallasnews.com/entertainment/headlines/20130911-wookie-knee-repair-star-wars-actor-peter-mayhew-hopes-to-walk-again-after-fort-worth-surgery.ece.
  30. Sacks, Ethan (19 Ionawr 2015). "'Star Wars' star Peter Mayhew hospitalized for pneumonia: report". New York Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/entertainment/movies/star-wars-star-hospitalized-pneumonia-report-article-1.2084483.
  31. Parker, Ryan (19 Ionawr 2015). "'Star Wars' actor Peter Mayhew hospitalized with pneumonia". Los Angeles Times. http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/movies/moviesnow/la-et-mn-peter-mayhew-pneumonia-20150119-story.html.
  32. Zarrell, Matt; Rothman, Michael (2 Mai 2019). "'Star Wars' actor Peter Mayhew dies at the age of 74, family says" (yn en). https://abcnews.go.com/GMA/Culture/star-wars-actor-peter-mayhew-passes-age-74/story?id=62791980.
  33. "Return of the Ewok (1982)". https://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/return_of_the_ewok.
  34. Thomas, Bob (25 Mai 1987). "Star Wars celebrates 10th anniversary today" (yn en). The Palm Beach Post: pp. 4E. http://www.newspapers.com/clip/31193594/4e/.
  35. Holmes, Adam. "Chewbacca Actor Peter Mayhew Is Dead At 74". https://www.cinemablend.com/news/2471206/chewbacca-actor-peter-mayhew-is-dead-at-74.
  36. Chichizola, Corey (15 Mai 2018). "The Advice Star Wars' Peter Mayhew Gave Solo's Chewbacca". https://www.cinemablend.com/news/2420032/the-advice-star-wars-peter-mayhew-gave-solos-chewbacca.
  37. Saperstein, Pat; Stedman, Alex (2 Mai 2019). "Chewbacca Actor Peter Mayhew From ‘Star Wars’ Dies at 74" (yn en). https://variety.com/2019/film/news/peter-mayhew-dead-dies-chewbacca-star-wars-1203203816/.
  38. Alter, Ethan (16 Tachwedd 2018). "'The Star Wars Holiday Special' at 40: How a landmark TV bomb was born" (yn en-US). https://www.yahoo.com/entertainment/star-wars-holiday-special-40-landmark-tv-bomb-born-150027690.html.
  39. Murray, Noel (12 Chwefror 2015). "When the Muppets met Star Wars". https://thedissolve.com/features/movie-of-the-week/922-when-the-muppets-met-star-wars/.
  40. "Peter Mayhew dead at 74 after decades-long run playing Chewbacca in Star Wars films". https://abc7chicago.com/entertainment/chewbacca-actor-peter-mayhew-dead-at-74-family/5282853/.
  41. Itzkoff, Dave (17 Chwefror 2011). "Remaking Wookiee: Chewbacca Becomes a Character on 'Star Wars: The Clone Wars'" (yn en-US). https://artsbeat.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/02/17/remaking-wookiee-chewbacca-becomes-a-character-on-star-wars-the-clone-wars/.
  42. Zakarin, Jordan (4 Mai 2012). "'Star Wars' Day: What are the Original Cast Members Doing Now?" (yn en). https://www.hollywoodreporter.com/heat-vision/star-wars-day-what-are-320376.

Cysylltiadau allanol[golygu | golygu cod y dudalen]