Sergei Rachmaninoff

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Sergei Rachmaninoff
GanwydСергей Васильевич Рахманинов Edit this on Wikidata
1 Ebrill 1873 Edit this on Wikidata
Starorussky Uyezd Edit this on Wikidata
Bu farw28 Mawrth 1943 Edit this on Wikidata
o melanoma Edit this on Wikidata
Beverly Hills Edit this on Wikidata
DinasyddiaethBaner Rwsia Rwsia
Alma mater
  • Prifysgol Moscaw
  • Saint Petersburg Conservatory
  • Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia Edit this on Wikidata
Galwedigaethcyfansoddwr, pianydd, arweinydd, cerddolegydd, meistr ar ei grefft Edit this on Wikidata
Cyflogwr
  • Moscow school number 19 Edit this on Wikidata
Adnabyddus amSymphony No. 1, All-Night Vigil, Piano Concerto No. 2, Prelude in C-sharp minor, Pyrrique, Scherzo in D minor, Piano Concerto No. 1, Prince Rostislav, Suite No. 1, Morceaux de salon, Morceaux de salon, Études-Tableaux Edit this on Wikidata
Arddullopera, symffoni, cerddoriaeth glasurol Edit this on Wikidata
Mudiadcerddoriaeth ramantus Edit this on Wikidata
TadVasily Arkadyevich Rachmaninoff Edit this on Wikidata
MamLyubov Petrovna Butakova Edit this on Wikidata
PriodNatalia Satina Edit this on Wikidata
PlantIrene Sergievna Rachmaninoff Edit this on Wikidata
Gwobr/auMedal Aur Cymdeithas y Royal Philharmonic Edit this on Wikidata
Gwefanhttps://www.rachmaninoff.org Edit this on Wikidata
llofnod

Roedd Sergei Vasilyevich Rachmaninoff (1 Ebrill 187328 Mawrth 1943) yn gyfansoddwr, arweinydd a phianydd o Rwsia. Roedd Rachmaninoff yn gyfansoddwr gwych yn y cyfnod rhamantaidd. Mae Rachmaninoff hefyd yn enwog am ei ddwylo anferth a'i allu i ganu'r piano.

Bywgraffiad[golygu | golygu cod]

Cafodd ei eni yn Semyonovo ger Novgorod[1] yng Ngogledd-orllewin Rwsia yn 1873. Roedd ei rieni yn chwarae'r piano, a threfnwyd gwersi piano iddo yn St Petersburg a Moscfa.

Tra roedd dal yn ddisgybl, ysgrifenodd opera fer o'r enw Aleko. Fe wnaeth hefyd gyfansoddi rhai darnau piano gan gynnwys ' Prelude in C sharp minor '. Roedd perfformiad cyntaf Symffoni rhif 1 yn 1897 yn hunllef. Credir fod Glazunov yr arweinydd wedi meddwi yn ystod y perfformiad.

Yn 1902, priododd Rachmaninoff ei gyfnither Natalia Alexandrovna Satina.

Ar ôl chwyldro Rwsia, symudodd Rachmaninoff a'i deulu i America. Bu farw yn Beverly Hills, Califfornia yn 1943.[2]

Sergei Rachmaninoff yn perfformio ei Prelude in C sharp minor, Op. 3



Cerddoriaeth[golygu | golygu cod]

Cyfansoddodd Rachmaninoff lawer o ddarnau ar gyfer gwahanol offerynnau, pedwar concerto i biano a thair symffoni. Ei gyfansoddiadau mwyaf adnabyddus heddiw yw ei ail Concerto i'r piano, a'i ail Symffoni.

Opus Teitl Offeryn/nau Dyddiad cwblhau
Scherzo in D minor Cerddorfa 1887
Manfred 1891, lost
Suite in D minor 1891
Youth Symphony, unfinished 1891
Prince Rostislav 1891
7 The Rock 1893
Two Don Juan Episodes 1894, lost
12 Caprice bohémien 1894
13 Symphony No. 1 1895
27 Symphony No. 2 1908
29 Isle of the Dead 1908
44 Symphony No. 3 1936
45 Symphonic Dances 1940
Romance in A minor Ffidil a Piano 1885
String Quartet No. 1 Dwy ffidil, Fiola, a Sielo 1890?
Lied in F minor Sielo a Piano 1890
Mélodie on a Theme of Rachmaninoff Ffidil neu Sielo a Piano 1890?
Trio élégiaque No. 1 Ffidil, Sielo, a Piano 1892
2 Two Pieces (Prelude, Danse orientale) Sielo a Piano 1892
6 Morceaux de salon (Romance, Danse hongroise) Ffidil a Piano 1893
9 Trio élégiaque No. 2 Piano, Ffidil a Sielo 1893, revised 1906 (Boosey & Hawkes ed.), 1913 (modern Russian ed.)
String Quartet No. 2 Dwy ffidil, Fiola, a Sielo 1896?
19 Cello Sonata Sielo a Piano 1901
Concerto in C minor, projected Piano a cherddorfa 1889
1 Piano Concerto No. 1 in F minor 1891, revised 1917
18 Piano Concerto No. 2 in C minor 1901
30 Piano Concerto No. 3 in D minor 1909
40 Piano Concerto No. 4 in G minor 1926, revised 1941
43 Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini 1934
Étude in F major [lost] Piano 1886?
Song Without Words in D minor 1887?
Lento in D minor 1887?
Four Pieces
  • Romance / Andante, in F minor
  • Prélude / Allegro, in E minor
  • Mélodie / Andante, in E major
  • Gavotte / Allegro, in D major
1887
Three Nocturnes
  • 1. Andante cantabile – Allegro vivace, in F minor (1887)
  • 2. Andante maestoso – Allegro assai, in F major (1887)
  • 3. Andante – Allegro moderato, in C minor (1888)
1887/88
Piece (Canon) in E minor 1891
Fugue in D minor 1891
Prelude in F major 1891
3 Morceaux de fantaisie
  • No. 1, Élégie in E minor
  • No. 2, Prélude in C minor
  • No. 3, Mélodie in E major (revised in 1940)
  • No. 4, Polichinelle
  • No. 5, Serenade (revised in 1940)
1892
10 Morceaux de salon
  • No. 1, Nocturne in A minor
  • No. 2, Valse in A major
  • No. 3, Barcarolle in G minor
  • No. 4, Mélodie in E minor
  • No. 5, Humoresque in G major (revised in 1940)
  • No. 6, Romance in F minor
  • No. 7, Mazurka in D major
1894
Four Improvisations (with Arensky, Glazunov, Taneyev) 1896
16 Six moments musicaux
  • No. 1 Andantino in B minor
  • No. 2 Allegretto in E minor
  • No. 3 Andante cantabile in B minor
  • No. 4 Presto in E minor
  • No. 5 Adagio sostenuto in D major
  • No. 6 Maestoso in C major
1896
Morceau de Fantaisie in G minor 1899
Fughetta in F major 1899
22 Variations on a Theme of Chopin 1903
23 Ten Preludes
  • No. 1, in F minor
  • No. 2, in B major
  • No. 3, in D minor
  • No. 4, in D major
  • No. 5, in G minor
  • No. 6, in E major
  • No. 7, in C minor
  • No. 8, in A major
  • No. 9, in E minor
  • No. 10, in G major
1903
28 Piano Sonata No. 1 1908
32 Thirteen Preludes
  • No. 1, in C major
  • No. 2, in B minor
  • No. 3, in E major
  • No. 4, in E minor
  • No. 5, in G major
  • No. 6, in F minor
  • No. 7, in F major
  • No. 8, in A minor
  • No. 9, in A major
  • No. 10, in B minor
  • No. 11, in B major
  • No. 12, in G minor
  • No. 13, in D major
1910
33 Études-Tableaux
  • No. 1, in F minor
  • No. 2, in C major
  • No. 3, in C minor
  • No. 4, in D minor
  • No. 5, in E minor
  • No. 6, in E major
  • No. 7, in G minor
  • No. 8, in C minor
1911
36 Piano Sonata No. 2 1913, revised 1931
39 Études-Tableaux
  • No. 1, in C minor
  • No. 2, in A minor
  • No. 3, in F minor
  • No. 4, in B minor
  • No. 5, in E minor
  • No. 6, in A minor
  • No. 7, in C minor
  • No. 8, in D minor
  • No. 9, in D major
1916
Four Pieces
  • Prelude in D minor
  • Piano Piece in A-Flat Major
  • Oriental Sketch
  • Fragments
1917
42 Variations on a Theme of Corelli 1931
Two Pieces (Valse, Romance) Piano - Chwech llaw 1891
Russian Rhapsody Dau Piano 1891
5 Suite No. 1 (or Fantaisie-Tableaux for two pianos) 1893
17 Suite No. 2 1901
11 Six Morceaux
  • No. 1, Barcarolle
  • No. 2, Scherzo
  • No. 3, Thème Russe
  • No. 4, Valse
  • No. 5, Romance
  • No. 6, Slava
Deuawd Piano 1894
Romance in G major 1894?
Polka Italienne 1906?
Transcription of Tchaikovsky: Manfred Symphony Deuawd Piano 1886, lost
Transcription of Tchaikovsky: The Sleeping Beauty 1891
Transcription of Glazunov: Symphony No. 6 1896
Paraphrase of Bizet: Minuet from L'Arlésienne Piano 1900, revised 1922
Transcription of Franz Behr: Lachtäubchen, Op. 303 (published as Polka de W.R.) 1911
Transcription of John Stafford Smith: The Star-Spangled Banner 1918
Cadenza for Liszt: Hungarian Rhapsody No. 2 1919
Paraphrase of Kreisler: Liebesleid 1921
Paraphrase of Mussorgsky: Gopak from The Fair at Sorochyntsi 1923
Paraphrase of Schubert: Wohin? (D795/2) 1925
Paraphrase of Kreisler: Liebesfreud 1925
Paraphrase of Mussorgsky: Gopak from The Fair at Sorochyntsi Piano a Ffidil 1926
Paraphrase of Rimsky-Korsakov: Flight of the Bumblebee Piano 1929
Paraphrase of Mendelssohn: Scherzo from the Incidental music to Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream 1933
Paraphrase of Bach: movements from Partita No. 3 in E major for unaccompanied violin (BWV 1006) 1933 or 1934
Paraphrase of Tchaikovsky: Lullaby (Cradle Song Op.16, No.1) 1941
Esmeralda, projected Opera 1888
Aleko (Rwsieg: Алеко) 1892
24 The Miserly Knight (Rwsieg: Скупой рыцарь) 1904
25 Francesca da Rimini (Rwsieg: Франческа да Римини) 1905
Salammbô, projected 1906
Monna Vanna, unfinished 1908
Deus Meus Côr cymysg chwech rhan 1890?
O Mother of God Perpetually Praying: a Choral Concerto in G minor Côr Cymysg 1893
Chorus of Spirits 1894?
Song of the Nightingale Côr cymysg pedwar rhan a piano 1894?
15 Six Choruses for Women's or Children's Voices
  • Be Praised
  • Night
  • The Pine
  • The Waves Slumbered
  • Slavery
  • The Angel
Côr menywod neu blant 1895
Panteley the Healer Côr Cymysg 1899
20 Spring, cantata Unawd bariton, Côr a cherddorfa 1902
31 Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom Côr 1910
35 The Bells Unawdwyr lleisiol, côr, a cherddorfa 1913
37 All-Night Vigil Côr 1915
41 Three Russian Songs Côr a cherddorfa 1927
"Again you are Bestirred, my Heart" Llais a Piano 1890 or 1893
"At the Gates of the Holy Cloister" 1890
Two monologues from Boris Godunov, opera gan Mussorgsky 1891?
"C'était en avril" 1891
"Dusk was Falling" 1891
4 Six Songs
  • "Oh No, I Beg You, Do Not Leave!"
  • "Morning"
  • "In the Silence of the Secret Night"
  • "Sing not, O Lovely One"
  • "The Harvest of Sorrow"
  • "It Was Not Long Ago, My Friend"
1890–1893
"Song of the Disenchanted," 1893?
"Do you Remember the Evening?" 1893?
"The Flower Died" 1893
8 Six Songs
  • "Water Lily"
  • "My Child, Your Beauty is That of a Flower"
  • "Thoughts, Reflections"
  • "I Fell in Love, To My Sorrow"
  • "A Dream"
  • "Prayer"
1893
14 Twelve Songs
  • "I Await You"
  • "Small Island"
  • "How Fleeting is Delight in Love"
  • "I was with Her"
  • "Summer Nights"
  • "You are so Beloved by All"
  • "Do Not Believe me, Friend"
  • "Oh, do not Grieve"
  • "She is as Beautiful as Midday"
  • "In my Soul"
  • "Spring Torrents"
  • "It is Time!"
1896
"Were you Hiccupping?" 1899
"Night" 1900
21 Twelve Songs
  • "Fate"
  • "By a Fresh Grave"
  • "Twilight"
  • "They Replied"
  • "Lilacs"
  • "Fragment from 'de Musset'"
  • "How Peaceful"
  • "On the Death of a Linnet"
  • "Melody"
  • "Before the Icon"
  • "I am not a Prophet"
  • "How Pained I am"
1902
26 Fifteen Songs
  • "There are Many Sounds"
  • "All was Taken from Me"
  • "We shall Rest"
  • "Two Farewells"
  • "Let us Leave, my Sweet"
  • "Christ is Risen"
  • "To the Children"
  • "Beg for Mercy"
  • "I am Again Alone"
  • "At my Window"
  • "The Fountain"
  • "Night is Sorrowful"
  • "Yesterday we Met"
  • "The Ring"
  • "All Passes"
1906
"Letter to Stanislavsky" 1908
34 Fourteen Songs
  • "The Muse"
  • "In the Soul of Each of Us"
  • "The Storm"
  • "The Migrant Wind"
  • "Arion"
  • "The Raising of Lazarus"
  • "It Cannot Be"
  • "Music"
  • "You Knew Him"
  • "I Remember that Day"
  • "The Herald"
  • "What Happiness"
  • "Dissonance"
  • "Vocalise" (listed separately below)
1912
"Vocalise" 1915[3]
"From the Gospel of St. John" 1915
"Prayer" 1916
"All Things Wish to Sing" 1916
38 Six Songs
  • "At Night in my Garden"
  • "To Her"
  • "Daisies"
  • "The Pied Piper"
  • "Sleep"
  • "A-oo!"
1916

Cyfeiriadau[golygu | golygu cod]

  1. "Composer Biography: Sergei Rachmaninoff". www.boosey.com. Cyrchwyd 24 Ionawr 2024.
  2. The Oxford Companion to Music. gol. Alison Latham.
  3. Rahmer, Dominik (24 June 2014). "Sergei Rachmaninoff's "Vocalise"". www.henle.de/blog. Cyrchwyd 24 Ionawr 2024.
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