Galliformes

Oddi ar Wicipedia
Neidio i: llywio, chwilio
Galliformes
Amrediad amseryddol:
Eocen-Holocen
45–0 Miliwn o fl. CP
Ceiliog coedwig Sri Lanka gwrywaidd (Gallus lafayettii)
Dosbarthiad gwyddonol
Teyrnas: Animalia
Ffylwm: Chordata
Dosbarth: Aves
Urdd: Galliformes
Teuluoedd
Cyfystyron

Gallimorphae

Urdd o adar trwm eu cyrff yw'r Galliformes sy'n cynnwys: Twrciod, grugieir, ieir, Soflieir (Hen Fyd a Byd Newydd), Lagopus, petris, ffesantod, ieir y goedwig (junglefowl) a'r Cracidae. 'Ceiliog' yn Lladin yw "gallus", sef tarddiad y gair. Adar hela neu ffowls a ddywedir yn gyffredinol.

Mae gan y grŵp hwn oddeutu 290 o wahanol rywogaethau, gyda rhai ohonynt ym mhob cornel o'r Ddaear, ar wahân i fannau rhewllyd neu anialwch. Mae sawl math wedi eu ffermio gan bobl, er mwyn eu bwyta.

Ceir pum teulu o fewn yr urdd:

  1. Phasianidae
  2. Odontophoridae
  3. Numididae
  4. Cracidae
  5. Megapodiidae

Rhestr Wicidata:


teulu enw tacson delwedd
Arborophilinae Arborophilinae
Curassow Cracinae
Wattled Curassow Crax globulosa Head 2600px.jpg
Meleagridinae Meleagridinae
Turkeys on path.jpg
Numidinae Numidinae
Penelopinae Penelopinae
Pipile cumanensis.jpg
Perdicinae Perdicinae
Perdix perdix (Marek Szczepanek).jpg
Phasianinae Phasianinae
Common Pheasant (Hybride).jpg
Tetraoninae Tetraoninae
SageGrouse21.jpg
Diwedd y rhestr a gynhyrchwyd yn otomatig o Wicidata.

Cyfeiriadau[golygu | golygu cod y dudalen]

Llyfryddiaeth[golygu | golygu cod y dudalen]

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  • Clarke, Julia A. (2004): Morphology, Phylogenetic Taxonomy, and Systematics of Ichthyornis and Apatornis (Avialae: Ornithurae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 286: 1–179 PDF testun llawn
  • Crowe, Timothy M.; Bloomer, Paulette; Randi, Ettore; Lucchini, Vittorio; Kimball, Rebecca T.; Braun, Edward L. & Groth, Jeffrey G. (2006a): Supra-generic cladistics of landfowl (Order Galliformes). Acta Zoologica Sinica 52(Supplement): 358–361. PDF testun llawn
  • Crowe, Timothy M.; Bowie, Rauri C.K.; Bloomer, Paulette; Mandiwana, Tshifhiwa G.; Hedderson, Terry A.J.; Randi, Ettore; Pereira, Sergio L. & Wakeling, Julia (2006b): Phylogenetics, biogeography and classification of, and character evolution in, gamebirds (Aves: Galliformes): effects of character exclusion, data partitioning and missing data. Cladistics 22(6): 495–532. doi:10.1111/j.1096-0031.2006.00120.x PDF testun llawn
  • Dyke, Gareth J; Gulas, Bonnie E. & Crowe, Timothy M. (2003): Suprageneric relationships of galliform birds (Aves, Galliformes): a cladistic analysis of morphological characters. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 137(2): 227–244. doi:10.1046/j.1096-3642.2003.00048.x PDF testun llawn
  • Kimball, Rebecca T.; Braun, Edward L.; Zwartjes, P.W.; Crowe, Timothy M. & Ligon, J. David (1999): A molecular phylogeny of the pheasants and partridges suggests that these lineages are not monophyletic. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 11(1): 38–54. doi:10.1006/mpev.1998.0562 PDF testun llawn
  • Kimball, Rebecca T.; Braun, Edward L.; Ligon, J. David; Lucchini, Vittorio & Randi, Ettore (2001): A molecular phylogeny of the peacock-pheasants (Galliformes: Polyplectron spp.) indicates loss and reduction of ornamental traits and display behaviours. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 73(2): 187–198. doi:10.1006/bijl.2001.0536 PDF testun llawn
  • Kimball, Rebecca T.; Braun, Edward L.; Ligon, J. David; Randi, Ettore & Lucchini, Vittorio (2006): Using molecular phylogenetics to interpret evolutionary changes in morphology and behavior in the Phasianidae. Acta Zoologica Sinica 52(Supplement): 362–365. PDF testun llawn