Galliformes

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Galliformes
Amrediad amseryddol:
Eocen-Holocen
45–0 Miliwn o fl. CP
Ceiliog coedwig Sri Lanka gwrywaidd (Gallus lafayettii)
Dosbarthiad gwyddonol
Teyrnas: Animalia
Ffylwm: Chordata
Dosbarth: Aves
Urdd: Galliformes
Teuluoedd
Cyfystyron

Gallimorphae

Urdd o adar trwm eu cyrff yw'r Galliformes sy'n cynnwys: Twrciod, grugieir, ieir, Soflieir (Hen Fyd a Byd Newydd), Lagopus, petris, ffesantod, ieir y goedwig (junglefowl) a'r Cracidae. 'Ceiliog' yn Lladin yw "gallus", sef tarddiad y gair. Adar hela neu ffowls a ddywedir yn gyffredinol.

Mae gan y grŵp hwn oddeutu 290 o wahanol rywogaethau, gyda rhai ohonynt ym mhob cornel o'r Ddaear, ar wahân i fannau rhewllyd neu anialwch. Mae sawl math wedi eu ffermio gan bobl, er mwyn eu bwyta.

Ceir pum teulu o fewn yr urdd:

  1. Phasianidae
  2. Odontophoridae
  3. Numididae
  4. Cracidae
  5. Megapodiidae

Rhestr Wicidata:


Diwedd y rhestr a gynhyrchwyd yn otomatig o Wicidata.

Cyfeiriadau[golygu | golygu cod y dudalen]

Llyfryddiaeth[golygu | golygu cod y dudalen]

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  • Kimball, Rebecca T.; Braun, Edward L.; Zwartjes, P.W.; Crowe, Timothy M. & Ligon, J. David (1999): A molecular phylogeny of the pheasants and partridges suggests that these lineages are not monophyletic. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 11(1): 38–54. doi:10.1006/mpev.1998.0562 PDF testun llawn
  • Kimball, Rebecca T.; Braun, Edward L.; Ligon, J. David; Lucchini, Vittorio & Randi, Ettore (2001): A molecular phylogeny of the peacock-pheasants (Galliformes: Polyplectron spp.) indicates loss and reduction of ornamental traits and display behaviours. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 73(2): 187–198. doi:10.1006/bijl.2001.0536 PDF testun llawn Archifwyd 2008-12-17 yn y Peiriant Wayback.
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