William Morris (1834–1896)

Oddi ar Wicipedia
Neidio i: llywio, chwilio
William Morris gan George Frederic Watts, 1870

Pensaer, dylunydd, arlunydd, bardd a sosialydd Seisnig oedd William Morris (24 Mawrth 18343 Hydref 1896).

Ganed ef yn Walthamstow, yn fab i William Morris a'i wraig Emma Morris. Aeth i Brifysgol Rhydychen ac yn 1856, daeth yn brentis i'r pensaer Neo-Gothig G. E. Street.

Cynlluniodd Morris gartref i'w deulu, Y Tŷ Coch yn Bexley, Caint, lle trigodd y cwpl ifanc rhwng 1859-1865, cyn symud i Bloomsbury, canol Llundain, mae'r Ty bellach dan ofal yr Ymddiriedolaeth Genedlaethol. Ym 1861, sefydlodd Morris gwmni celfyddydau addurnol gydag Edward Burne-Jones, Rossetti, Webb, ac eraill: daeth cwmni Morris, Marshall, Faulkner & Co. yn ffasiynol iawn ac roedd llawer o alw am eu gwaith. Dylanwadodd y cwmni'n fawr ar addurno mewnol drwy gydol y cyfnod Fictoraidd, gyda Morris yn dylunio tapestrïau, papur wal, ffabrigau, dodrefn, a ffenestri lliw. Ym 1875, cymerodd Morris reolaeth lwyr dros y cwmni, a ailenwyd yn Morris & Co.

Er iddo gadw prif gartref yn Llundain, o 1871 Morris enciliodd i dŷ gwledig ar rent sef Kelmscott Manor, Swydd Rhydychen. Bu ymweliadau Morris â Gwlad yr Iâ yn ddylanwad mawr arno ac ar y cyd gyda Eiríkr Magnusson cynhyrchodd cyfres o gyfieithiadau Saesneg o'r Sagâu Islandeg.

Cyhoeddodd nifer o gyfrolau o farddoniaeth, ffuglen ac addasiadau o destunau canoloesol, yn cynnwys The Defence of Guenevere and Other Poems (1858), The Earthly Paradise (1868–1870), A Dream of John Ball a News from Nowhere. Sefydlodd y Cynghrair Sosialaidd yn 1884.

Cyfeiriadau[golygu | golygu cod y dudalen]

Gwaith Llenyddol[golygu | golygu cod y dudalen]

traethawd Morris's "Printing" gan y Village Press, Chicago, c. 1903

Barddoniaeth, Ffuglen a Thraethodau[golygu | golygu cod y dudalen]

  • The Hollow Land (1856)
  • The Defence of Guenevere, and other Poems (1858)
  • The Life and Death of Jason (1867)
  • The Earthly Paradise (1868–1870)
  • Love is Enough, or The Freeing of Pharamond: A Morality (1872)
  • The Story of Sigurd the Volsung and the Fall of the Niblungs (1877)
  • Hopes and Fears For Art (1882)
  • The Pilgrims of Hope (1885)
  • A Dream of John Ball (1888)
  • Signs of Change (poem)|Signs of Change (1888)
  • The House of the Wolfings|A Tale of the House of the Wolfings, and All the Kindreds of the Mark Written in Prose and in Verse (1889)
  • The Roots of the Mountains (1890)
  • Poems By the Way (1891)
  • News from Nowhere|News from Nowhere (or, An Epoch of Rest) (1890)
  • The Story of the Glittering Plain (1891)
  • The Wood Beyond the World (1894)
  • Child Christopher and Goldilind the Fair (1895)
  • The Well at the World's End (1896)
  • The Water of the Wondrous Isles (1897)
  • The Sundering Flood (1897) (published posthumously)
  • A King's Lesson (1901)
  • The World of Romance (1906)
  • Chants for Socialists (1935)
  • Golden Wings and Other Stories (1976)

Cyfieithiadau[golygu | golygu cod y dudalen]

  • Grettis Saga: The Story of Grettir the Strong with Eiríkr Magnússon (1869)
  • The Saga of Gunnlaug the Worm-tongue and Rafn the Skald with Eiríkr Magnússon (1869)
  • Völsung Saga: The Story of the Volsungs and Niblungs, with Certain Songs from the Elder Edda with Eiríkr Magnússon (1870) (from the Volsunga saga)
  • Three Northern Love Stories, and Other Tales with Eiríkr Magnússon (1875)
  • The Odyssey of Homer Done into English Verse (1887)
  • The Aeneids of Virgil Done into English (1876)
  • Of King Florus and the Fair Jehane (1893)
  • The Tale of Beowulf Done out of the Old English Tongue (1895)
  • Old French Romances Done into English (1896)

Darlithoedd a Phapurau[golygu | golygu cod y dudalen]

  • Lectures on Art delivered in support of the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings (Morris lecture on The Lesser Arts). London, Macmillan, 1882
  • Architecture and History & Westminster Abbey". Papers read to SPAB in 1884 and 1893. Printed at The Chiswick Press. London, Longmans, 1900
  • Communism: a lecture London, Fabian Society, 1903