Harry Belafonte

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Harry Belafonte
FfugenwHarry Belafonte Edit this on Wikidata
GanwydHarold George Bellanfanti Jr. Edit this on Wikidata
1 Mawrth 1927 Edit this on Wikidata
Harlem, Dinas Efrog Newydd Edit this on Wikidata
Bu farw25 Ebrill 2023 Edit this on Wikidata
o methiant y galon Edit this on Wikidata
Upper West Side, Dinas Efrog Newydd Edit this on Wikidata
Man preswylUpper West Side Edit this on Wikidata
Label recordioJubilee Records, RCA Victor Edit this on Wikidata
DinasyddiaethUnol Daleithiau America, Jamaica Edit this on Wikidata
Alma mater
  • Wolmer's Schools
  • George Washington Educational Campus
  • Prifysgol The New School, Manhattan Edit this on Wikidata
Galwedigaethcanwr, actor, diddanwr, ymgyrchydd hawliau sifil, ymgyrchydd heddwch, artist recordio, cyfansoddwr caneuon, actor llwyfan, actor ffilm, actor teledu, cynhyrchydd ffilm, cynhyrchydd gweithredol, dawnsiwr, gweithredydd gwleidyddol Edit this on Wikidata
SwyddLlysgennad Ewyllus Da UNICEF Edit this on Wikidata
Cyflogwr
Adnabyddus amCalypso, Banana Boat (Day-O) Edit this on Wikidata
Arddullcalypso, cerddoriaeth boblogaidd, Canu gwerin, cerddoriaeth y byd Edit this on Wikidata
Math o laisbariton Edit this on Wikidata
Taldra1.82 metr Edit this on Wikidata
Plaid Wleidyddolplaid Ddemocrataidd Edit this on Wikidata
PlantShari Belafonte, David Belafonte, Gina Belafonte Edit this on Wikidata
Gwobr/auGwobr Tony am Actor Nodwedd Gorau mewn Sioe-Gerdd, Gwobr Emmy, Gwobr Paul Robeson, Anrhydedd y Kennedy Center, Letelier-Moffitt Human Rights Award, Y Medal Celf Cenedlaethol, Marian Anderson Award, Chwedl Fyw Llyfrgell y Gyngres, Gwobr Grammy am Gyraeddiadau Gydol Oes, Bishop John T. Walker Distinguished Humanitarian Service Award, Medal Spingarn, Gwobr Llysgennad Cydwybod, Gwobr Dyneiddiaeth Jean Hersholt, Gwobr Four Freedoms, Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, Gwobr y Cadeirydd: NAACP, Order of Jamaica, Gwobr Cymdeithion O. R. Tambo, seren ar Rodfa Enwogion Hollywood, Gradd er anrhydedd o Goleg Spelman Edit this on Wikidata

Cerddor, actor ac ymgyrchydd Americanaidd Jamacaidd oedd Harry Belafonte (ganed Harold George Belafonte, Jr.; 1 Mawrth 192725 Ebrill 2023)[1]. Roedd yn un o'r cantorion mwyaf poblogaidd erioed, a lysenwyd yn "Frenin Calypso," am iddo boblogeiddio'r arddull cerddorol Caribïaidd hwnnw yn rhyngwladol yn y 1950au. Mae caneuon mwyaf adnabyddus Harry Belafonte yn cynnwys y "Banana Boat Song", gyda'i chytgan enwog "Day-O," ac "Island in the Sun".

Trwy gydol ei yrfa, roedd Belafonte yn ymgyrchydd amlwg dros hawliau sifil ac achosion dyngarol. Cymerodd ran yn ymgyrchoedd y Mudiad Hawliau Sifil yn yr Unol Daleithiau (UDA) i ennill hawliau sifil llawn i bobl duon y wlad ac roedd wedi beirniadu polisi tramor UDA. Bu'n feirniad amlwg o bolisïau gweinyddiaeth Bush, yn enwedig Rhyfel Irac. Un o'r dylanwadau mwyaf arno, yn gerddorol ac yn wleidyddol, oedd y canwr Paul Robeson.[2]

Harry Belafonte yn Almanac John Murray Anderson yn Theatr Broadway, llun gan Carl Van Vechten, 1954.
Harry Belafonte (canol) rhwng Sidney Poitier a Charlton Heston, Gorymdaith Hawliau Sifil i Washington, 1963.

Disgyddiaeth[golygu | golygu cod]

Recordiadau gwreiddiol

  • Mark Twain and other Folk Favorites (1954) - RCA LPM1022
  • Belafonte (1956) - RCA LPM1150
  • Calypso (1956) - RCA LPM1248
  • An Evening with Belafonte (1957) - RCA LPM1402
  • Belafonte Sings of the Caribbean (1957) - RCA LPM1505
  • To Wish You a Merry Christmas (1958) RCA LPM1887
  • Belafonte Sings the Blues (1958) - RCA LPM1972
  • Love is a Gentle Thing (1959) - RCA LPM1927
  • Porgy and Bess (1959) - RCA LPM2019
  • Belafonte at Carnegie Hall (1959) - RCA LSO6006
  • My Lord What a Morning (1959) - RCA LSP2022
  • Belafonte Returns to Carnegie Hall (1960) - RCA LSO6007
  • Swing Dat Hammer (1960) - RCA LSP2194
  • Jump Up Calypso (1961) - RCA LSP2388
  • Midnight Special (1962) - RCA LSP2449
  • The Many Moods of Belafonte (1962) - RCA LSP2574
  • Streets I Have Walked (1963) - RCA LSP2695
  • Belafonte at The Greek Theatre (1964) - RCA LSO6009
  • Ballads, Blues and Boasters (1964) - LSP2953
  • En Gränslös Kväll På Operan (Swedeg) (1966) - BEL-1
  • An Evening With Belafonte/Makeba (1965) - LSP3420
  • An Evening with Belafonte/Mouskouri (1966)- RCA LSP3415
  • In My Quiet Room (1966) - RCA LSP3571
  • Calypso in Brass (1966) - RCA LSP3658
  • Belafonte on Campus (1967) - RCA LSP3779
  • Belafonte Sings of Love (1968) - RCA LSP3938
  • Homeward Bound (1969) - RCA LSP4255
  • Belafonte By Request (1970) - RCA LSP4301
  • Harry & Lena, For the Love of Life (1970) - RCA PRS295
  • The Warm Touch (1971) - RCA LSP4481
  • Calypso Carnival (1971) - RCA LSP4521
  • Belafonte...Live (1972) - RCA VPSX6077
  • Play Me (1973) - RCA APL1-0094
  • Concert in Japan (1974) - RCA R4P5054
  • Turn the World Around (1977) - CBS CB86045
  • Loving You is Where I Belong (1981) - CBS CB85254
  • We Are the World (1985)
  • Paradise in Gazankulu (1988) - EMI 746971-1
  • Belafonte '89 (1989) - EMI 134-2527252
  • An Evening with Harry Belafonte and Friends (1997) - Island Records 524384-2
  • The Long Road to Freedom, An Anthology of Black Music (2001) - Buddha Records 99756
  • Belafonte Live Europe (only on mp3) (2003)

Albymau cyfansawdd

  • Very Best of Harry Belafonte (2001) - RCA
  • The Essential Harry Belafonte (2005)

Ffilmiau[golygu | golygu cod]

Harry Belafonte yn Almanac John Murray Anderson yn Theatr Broadway, llun gan Carl Van Vechten, 1954.
  • Bright Road (1953)
  • Carmen Jones (1954)
  • Island in the Sun (1957)
  • The Heart of Show Business (1957) (short subject)
  • The World, the Flesh and the Devil (1959)
  • Odds Against Tomorrow (1959)
  • King: A Filmed Record... Montgomery to Memphis (1970) (documentary) (narrator)
  • The Angel Levine (1970)
  • Buck and the Preacher (1972)
  • Uptown Saturday Night (1974)
  • A veces miro mi vida (1982)
  • Drei Lieder (1983) (short)
  • Sag nein (1983) (dogfen)
  • Der Schönste Traum (1984) (dogfen)
  • We Shall Overcome (1989) (dogfen) (adroddwr)
  • The Player (1992) (Cameo)
  • Ready to Wear (1994) (Cameo)
  • Hank Aaron: Chasing the Dream (1995)
  • White Man's Burden (1995)
  • Jazz '34 (1996)
  • Kansas City (1996)
  • Scandalize My Name: Stories from the Blacklist (1998) (documentary)
  • Fidel (2001) (documentary)
  • XXI Century (2003) (documentary)
  • Conakry Kas (2003) (documentary)
  • Ladders (2004) (documentary) (narrator)
  • Mo & Me (2006) (documentary)
  • Bobby (2006)
  • Motherland(2009) (documentary)

Teledu[golygu | golygu cod]

  • Sugar Hill Times (1949-1950)
  • Tonight With Belafonte (1959)
  • Petula (1968)
  • A World in Music (1969)
  • Harry & Lena, For The Love Of Life (1969)
  • A World in Love (1970)
  • Free to Be… You and Me (1974)
  • The Muppet Show (1978)
  • Grambling's White Tiger (1981)
  • Don't Stop The Carnival (1985)
  • An Evening With Harry Belafonte And Friends (1997)
  • Swing Vote (1999)
  • Tanner on Tanner (2004)
  • That's What I'm Talking About (2006) (miniseries)
  • When the Levees Broke: A Requiem in Four Acts (2006)

Cyfeiriadau[golygu | golygu cod]

  1. "Harry Belafonte: Singer and civil rights activist dies aged 96". BBC News (yn Saesneg). 2023-04-25. Cyrchwyd 2023-04-25.
  2. Melas, John Blake,Chloe (2023-04-25). "Harry Belafonte, activist and entertainer with a 'rebel heart,' dies at 96". CNN (yn Saesneg). Cyrchwyd 2023-04-25.

Dolenni allanol[golygu | golygu cod]