George Martin

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Syr George Martin
Martin gefn llwyfan yn sioe Love Beatles, Las Vegas, c. 2006
Y Cefndir
Enw
(ar enedigaeth)
George Henry Martin
Ganwyd (1926-01-03)3 Ionawr 1926
Lleoliad Highbury, Llundain
Bu farw 8 Mawrth 2016(2016-03-08) (90 oed)
Math o Gerddoriaeth Roc, pop, clasurol
Gwaith Cynhyrchydd recordiau, trefnydd, cyfansoddwr, arweinydd, cerddor
Offeryn/nau Oboe, piano, allweddellau, hitar
Cyfnod perfformio 1950–1998, 2006
Label EMI, Parlophone, Apple
Perff'au eraill The Beatles, Wings, America, Cilla Black, Jeff Beck, Mahavishnu Orchestra, Paul McCartney

Cynhyrchydd recordiau, trefnydd cerddoriaeth, cyfansoddwr, arweinydd, peiriannydd sain a cherddor Seisnig oedd Syr George Henry Martin CBE (3 Ionawr 1926 – 8 Mawrth 2016). Weithiau mae'n cael ei ddisgrifio fel y "pumed Beatle" gan gyfeirio at ei waith ar bob un o albymau gwreiddiol y Beatles.[1] Cyrhaeddodd 30 o senglau Martin rif un yn siartiau'r Deyrnas Unedig ac aeth 23 i rif un yn yr Unol Daleithiau.

Mynychodd Ysgol Gerdd a Drama y Guildhall rhwng 1947 a 1950, lle'r astudiai'r piano a'r obo. Ar ôl graddio, gweithiodd i adran gerddoriaeth glasurol y BBC, cyn ymuno ag EMI yn 1950. Cynhyrchodd Martin recordiau comedi a nofelti yn y 1950au cynnar, yn gweithio gyda Peter Sellers a Spike Milligan, ymysg eraill.

Ymestynnai gyrfa Martin dros chwe degawd o waith mewn cerddoriaeth, ffilm, teledu a pherfformio byw. Bu hefyd mewn swyddi gweithredol uwch mewn cwmnïau cyfryngol a chyfranodd i ystod eang o achosion da, yn cynnwys ei waith i'r Prince's Trust a ynys Montserrat yn y Caribi.

I gydnabod ei wasanaeth i'r diwydiant cerddoriaeth a diwylliant boblogaidd, fe'i gwnaed yn Farchog Gwyryf yn 1996.

Marwolaeth[golygu | golygu cod y dudalen]

Bu farw Martin ar noson 8 Mawrth 2016 yn 90 mlwydd oed.[2][3] Cyhoeddwyd ei farwolaeth gan Ringo Starr ar ei gyfrif Twitter.[4] Cadarnhawyd ei farwolaeth gan lefarydd ar ran Universal Music Group.[5] Nid yw achos ei farwolaeth wedi ei gyhoeddi eto.[6] Mae'n gadael ei wraig o bumdeg mlynedd, Judy Lockhart Smith, a phedwar o blant.[3]

Wrth gyhoeddi ei farwolaeth, dywedodd Starr: "God bless George Martin peace and love to Judy and his family love Ringo and Barbara George will be missed xxx".[4] Ymatebodd Sean Lennon i farwolaeth Martin ar Twitter drwy ddweud: "I'm so gutted I don't have many words".[7]

Disgyddiaeth[golygu | golygu cod y dudalen]

  • Off the Beatle Track (1964 Parlophone PCS 3057)
  • A Hard Day's Night: Instrumental Versions of the Motion Picture Score (19 Chwefror 1965, United Artists)
  • George Martin Scores Instrumental Versions of the Hits (1965)
  • Help! (1965 Columbia TWO 102)
  • ..and I Love Her (1966 Columbia TWO 141)
  • George Martin Instrumentally Salutes The Beatle Girls (1966)
  • British Maid (1968 United Artists SULP 1196, ryddhawyd yn yr UDA fel London by George)
  • Yellow Submarine (ochr un: The Beatles, ochr dau: The George Martin Orchestra, 1969)
  • By George! (1970 Sunset SLS 50182, reissue of British Maid)
  • Live and Let Die (cynhyrchydd i gân Paul McCartney', a cyfansoddwr y sgôr gerddorol, 1973)
  • Beatles to Bond and Bach (1978)
  • In My Life (1998)
  • Produced by George Martin (2001)
  • The Family Way (2003)

Disgyddiaeth ddethol (fel cynhyrchydd)[golygu | golygu cod y dudalen]

  • Sidney Torch – "Barwick Green" (The Archers theme) (1951)
  • Jack Parnell – "The White Suit Samba" (1951)
  • Jimmy Shand – "Bluebell Polka" (1952)
  • Kenneth McKellar – "Ae Fond Kiss" (1952)
  • Tommy Reilly – "Melody on the Move" (1952)
  • Peter Ustinov – "Mock Mozart" (1952)
  • Eve Boswell – "Pickin' A Chicken" (1955)
  • Edna Savage – "Arrivederci Darling" (1955)
  • Eamonn Andrews – "The Shifting Whispering Sands" (1956)
  • Dick James – "Robin Hood" (1956)
  • The Ivor and Basil Kirchin Band - "Rock-A-Beatin' Boogie" (1956)
  • Johnny Dankworth – "Experiments With Mice" (1956)
  • Shirley Abicair – "Smiley" (1956)
  • Mandy Miller – "Nellie the Elephant" (1956)
  • The Vipers Skiffle Group – "Don't You Rock Me Daddy-O" (1957)
  • Jim Dale – "Be My Girl" (1957)
  • Ian Wallace – "The Hippopotamus Song" (1957)
  • Charlie Drake – "Splish Splash" (1958)
  • Peter Sellers – "A Drop of the Hard Stuff" (1958)
  • Humphrey Lyttelton – "Saturday Jump" (1959)
  • Bruce Forsyth – "I'm in Charge" (1959)
  • Flanders and Swann – At the Drop of a Hat (1960)
  • Matt Monro – "Portrait of My Love" (1960)
  • Peter Sellers and Sophia Loren – "Goodness Gracious Me" (1960)
  • Beyond the Fringe (Original Cast Recording) (1961)
  • Dudley Moore – "Strictly For the Birds" (1961)
  • Bernard Cribbins – "Right Said Fred" (1962)
  • Michael Bentine – "Football Results" (1962)
  • Terry Scott – "My Brother" (1963)
  • Joan Sims – "Oh Not Again Ken" (1963)
  • Shirley Bassey – "I (Who Have Nothing)" (1963)
  • David Frost and Millicent Martin – That Was the Week That Was (1963)
  • Cambridge Circus (Original Cast Recording) (1963)
  • Flanders and Swann – At the Drop of Another Hat (1964)
  • Alma Cogan – "It's You" (1964)
  • The Scaffold – "2 Day's Monday" (1966)
  • Ron Goodwin – Adventure (1966)
  • Edwards Hand – Edwards Hand (1969)
  • Stan Getz – Marrakesh Express (1969)
  • Ringo Starr – Sentimental Journey (1970)
  • Seatrain – Seatrain (1970)
  • The King's Singers – "The King's Singers Collection" (1972)
  • Paul Winter Consort – Icarus (1972)
  • The King's Singers – "A French Collection" (1973)
  • The King's Singers – "Deck the Hall" (1973)
  • John Williams – The Height Below (1973)
  • Stackridge – The Man in the Bowler Hat (released as Pinafore Days in the US and Canada) (1974)
  • Mahavishnu Orchestra – Apocalypse (1974)
  • America – Holiday (1974)
  • Tommy Steele – My Life, My Song (1974)
  • Jeff Beck – Blow by Blow (1975)
  • America – Hearts (1975)
  • America – Hideaway (1976)
  • American Flyer – American Flyer (1976)
  • Jeff Beck – Wired (1976)
  • Cleo Laine – Born On a Friday (1976)
  • Jimmy Webb – El Mirage (1977)
  • America – Harbor (1977)
  • Neil Sedaka – A Song (1977)
  • Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (Original Soundtrack) (1978)
  • Gary Brooker – No More Fear of Flying (1979)
  • Cheap Trick – All Shook Up (1980)
  • UFO – No Place to Run (1980)
  • Little River Band – Time Exposure (1981)
  • Ultravox – Quartet (1982)
  • Paul McCartney – Tug of War (1982)
  • Paul McCartney – Pipes of Peace (1983)
  • Paul McCartney – Give My Regards to Broad Street (1984)
  • Andy Leek – Say Something (1988)
  • Yoshiki – Eternal Melody (1993)
  • Tommy (Original Cast Recording) (1993)
  • Celine Dion – "The Reason" (1997)
  • George Martin – In My Life (1998)
  • The Beatles – Love (2006)

Nodiadau[golygu | golygu cod y dudalen]

  1. The completed "Let It Be" album was reproduced for release by Phil Spector, but Martin oversaw the production of the Beatles' recording sessions.
  2. Andy Greene (9 March 2016). "Beatles Producer George Martin Dead at 90". Rolling Stone.com. http://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/beatles-producer-george-martin-dead-at-90-20160309. Adalwyd 9 March 2016.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "George Martin Dead: Beatles' Producer and Arranger Was 90". Hollywood Reporter.com. http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/obit-george-martin-dead-at-90-727807. Adalwyd 9 March 2016.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Ringo Starr". Twitter.com. 8 March 2016. https://twitter.com/ringostarrmusic/status/707420462620381184. Adalwyd 9 March 2016.
  5. "George Martin, Producer and Arranger for The Beatles, Dies at 90". Yahoo.com. 9 March 2016. https://www.yahoo.com/music/george-martin-producer-arranger-beatles-dies-90-050701940.html. Adalwyd 9 March 2016.
  6. Jennifer Frederick (9 March 2016). "Beatles Producer George Martin Dies Aged 90". Time.com. http://time.com/4252140/george-martin-producer-beatles-dies/?xid=time_socialflow_twitter. Adalwyd 9 March 2016.
  7. Valerie Edwards (9 March 2016). "Sir George Martin dies aged 90". Daily Mail.co.uk. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3483404/George-Martin-producer-Beatles-dies-aged-90.html. Adalwyd 9 March 2016.

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