Passeriformes

Oddi ar Wicipedia
Neidio i: llywio, chwilio
Adar golfanaidd
Aderyn y To (Passer domesticus)
Dosbarthiad gwyddonol
Teyrnas: Animalia
Ffylwm: Chordata
Dosbarth: Aves
Is-ddosbarth: Neornithes
Inffradosbarth: Neognathae
Uwchurdd: Neoaves
Urdd: Passeriformes
Linnaeus, 1758
Teiprywogaeth
Fringilla domestica
Linnaeus, 1758
Is-urddau

Yr urdd fwyaf o adar yw'r Passeriformes (adar golfanaidd neu adar clwydol). Mae bron 6000 o rywogaethau[1] a geir ledled y byd yn perthyn iddi gyda'r amrywiaeth fwyaf mewn rhanbarthau trofannol. Mae ganddynt draed wedi'u haddasu ar gyfer clwydo ac mae strwythur eu chwarren wropygiol (uropygial gland) a'u sberm yn unigryw.[2] Mae gan y grŵp mwyaf o rywogaethau (yr adar cân) gyhyrau cymhleth er mwyn rheoli eu syrincs a ddefnyddir i ganu.

Teuluoedd a rhywogaethau[golygu | golygu cod y dudalen]

Mae dosbarthiad y Passeriformes yn amrywio. Mae'r rhestr isod yn dilyn rhestr yr International Ornithologists' Union.[3]

Rhestr Wicidata:

Diweddarwch y rhestr nawr | WQS | Chwiliwch am ddelweddau


teulu enw tacson delwedd
Acrocephalidae Acrocephalidae
Carricero tordal.jpg
Adar Dail Irenidae
Lightmatter fairy bluebird.jpg
Adar Deildy Ptilonorhynchidae
Satinbowerbirdmale.jpg
Adar Dreingwt Orthonychidae
Logrunner male lam jan08.jpg
Adar Drudwy Sturnidae
Lamprotornis hildebrandti -Tanzania-8-2c.jpg
Adar haul Nectariniidae
Crimson Sunbird (Aethopyga siparaja) male.jpg
Adar Morgrug Formicariidae
Chamaeza nobilis.jpg
Adar Pobty Furnariidae
Scaly-throated Foliage-gleaner.jpg
Adar tagellog Callaeatidae
Huia Buller.jpg
Adar telyn Menuridae
Menura superba - Thomas Davies.jpg
Aderyn Paradwys Paradisaeidae
Wilson's Bird of Paradise.jpg
Antbird Thamnophilidae
Pectoral Antwren.jpg
Antpitta Grallariidae
Grallaria ruficapilla -near Manizales, Caldas, Colombia-8.jpg
Apostolion Grallinidae
AustralianMagpieLarkFemaleSmall.jpg
Asitïod Philepittidae
Philepitta castanea 1868.jpg
Australian mudnester Corcoracidae
White winged chough jan09.jpg
Australo-Papuan babbler Pomatostomidae
Chestnut-crowned Babbler bowra apr07.jpg
Bernieridae Bernieridae
Long-billed Greenbul.jpg
Brain Corvidae
Cyanocitta-cristata-004.jpg
Brain Moel Picathartidae
Picathartes.jpg
Breision Emberizidae
Americantreesparrow36.jpg
Brenhinoedd Monarchidae
Zoiseau la vierge1.JPG
Brychion Turdidae
American Robin 0025.jpg
Buphagidae Buphagidae
Flickr - Rainbirder - Yellow-billed Oxpecker (Buphagus africanus).jpg
Bushshrike Malaconotidae
Black-headed Gonolek Laniarius erythrogaster National Aviary 1200px.jpg
Bwlbwliaid Pycnonotidae
Brown-eared Bulbul 1.jpg
Calcariidae Calcariidae
Lapland Longspur (Calcarius lapponicus).jpg
Calyptomenidae Calyptomenidae
Calyptomena viridis-20090308.jpg
Cardinaliaid Cardinalidae
Cardinal.jpg
Ceinddrywod Maluridae
Superb blue Wren1.jpg
Cettiidae Cettiidae
37-090505-cettis-warbler-at-Kalloni-east-river.jpg
Cigfachwyr Cracticidae
Piedbutcherbird.jpg
Cigyddion Laniidae
Juvenile Long-tailed Fiscals.jpg
Cinclosomatidae Cinclosomatidae
Spotted Quail-thrush (Cinclosoma punctatum).jpg
Cisticolidae Cisticolidae
Cisticola exilis.jpg
Cnemophilidae Cnemophilidae
Cnemophilus macgregorii by Bowdler Sharpe.jpg
Cog-Gigyddion Campephagidae
Blackfacedcuckooshrike.jpg
Colluricinclidae Colluricinclidae
Cotingaod Cotingidae
Rupicola peruviana (male) -San Diego Zoo-8.jpg
Crescentchest Melanopareiidae
Melanopareia torquata 1847.jpg
Cwyrbigau Estrildidae
Red browed finch02.jpg
Cynffonau sidan Bombycillidae
Bombycilla japonica.jpg
Chaetopidae Chaetopidae
Cape Rock-Jumper.jpg
Chloropseidae Chloropseidae
Golden Fronted Leafbird Mukulhinge.jpg
Chwibanwyr Pachycephalidae
Rufous Whistler male kobble.jpg
Daphoenositta Neosittidae
Daphoenositta chrysoptera.jpg
Dasyornithidae Dasyornithidae
Rufous Bristlebird (Dasyornis broadbenti) (8079652394).jpg
Delorion cnau Sittidae
Sitta europaea wildlife 2 1.jpg
Dendrocolaptidae Dendrocolaptidae
Cocoa Woodcreeper.jpg
Donacobiidae Donacobiidae
Donacobius.jpg
Dreinbig Acanthizidae
Brown Thornbill.jpg
Dringhedyddion Climacteridae
Brown Treecreeper.jpg
Dringwyr coed Certhiidae
Certhia-americana-001.jpg
Dringwyr y Philipinau Rhabdornithidae
7575 Stripe-sided Rhabdornis 3.jpg
Drongoaid Dicruridae
Drongo1.jpg
Drywod Troglodytidae
Cistothorus palustris Iona.jpg
Drywod Seland Newydd Acanthisittidae
Rock wren.jpg
ehedydd Alaudidae
Alauda arvensis 2.jpg
Elachuridae Elachuridae
Spelaeornis caudatus 2.jpg
Ephthianuridae Ephthianuridae
Erythrocercidae Erythrocercidae
ErythrocercusKeulemans.jpg
Eulacestomidae Eulacestomidae
Eurynnod Oriolidae
Black-naped Oriole.jpg
Fangáid Vangidae
Artamie.a.tete.blanche1.jpg
Fireod Vireonidae
Vireo-flavifrons-001.jpg
Golfanod Ploceidae
Lesser Masked Weaver RWD.jpg
Gwatwarwyr Mimidae
TropicalMockingbird.jpg
Gwenoliaid Hirundinidae
Red-rumpedSwallow01.jpg
Gwybed-ddalwyr Polioptilidae
California Gnatcatcher.jpg
Gwybedogion Muscicapidae
White-eyed slaty flycatcher.jpg
Gwybedysyddion Conopophagidae
Conopophaga castaneiceps 3.jpg
Gylfindroeon Panuridae
Bartmeise.JPG
Helmetshrike Prionopidae
Prionops plumatus.jpg
Helyddion coed Artamidae
Dusky Woodswallow.jpg
Hyliotidae Hyliotidae
Hylocitreidae Hylocitreidae
Hylocitrea bonensis bonensis 1898.jpg
Hypocoliidae Hypocoliidae
Hypocolius-Arpit.jpg
Icteriidae Icteriidae
Ifritidae Ifritidae
Iora Aegithinidae
Common Iora (Aegithina tiphia) in Hyderabad W IMG 8862.jpg
Leiothrichidae Leiothrichidae
Leiothrix lutea (Avifauna, NL).JPG
Locustellidae Locustellidae
Striated Grassbird (Megalurus palustris) in Kolkata W IMG 3399.jpg
Llwydiaid Prunellidae
Dunnock crop2.jpg
Llydanbigau Eurylaimidae
Eurylaimus javanicus - Khao Yai.jpg
Llygadwynion Zosteropidae
庭の柿を食べに来たメジロ3.JPG
Llygaid-dagell Platysteiridae
Brownthroatedwattleeyefem.jpg
Llysdorwyr Phytotomidae
Macrosphenidae Macrosphenidae
Sphenoeacus afer.jpg
Machaerirhynchidae Machaerirhynchidae
MachaerirhynchusFlaviventerWolf.jpg
Manacinod Pipridae
Manacus candei1.jpg
Meinbigau Oxyruncidae
Mêl-gropwyr Hawaii Drepanididae
Pseudonestor xanthophrys.jpg
Melampittidae Melampittidae
Melanocharitidae Melanocharitidae
Toxorhamphus poliopterus.jpg
Melysorion Meliphagidae
Crescent Honeyeater Edit2.jpg
Mitrospingidae Mitrospingidae
Modulatricidae Modulatricinae
Arcanator orostruthus.jpg
Mohoidae Mohoidae
Moho apicalis.jpg
Mohouidae Mohouidae
NZ Whitehead 04.jpg
Nicatoridae Nicatoridae
Western nicator.jpg
Notiomystidae Notiomystidae
Male stitchbird.JPG
Oreoicidae Oreoicidae
Crested Bellbird male mulgaview apr04.jpg
Painted berrypecker Paramythiidae
Crested Berrypecker.jpg
Palaeospizidae Palaeospizidae
Paradoxornithidae Paradoxornithidae
Paradoxornis heudei.jpg
Pardalotidae Pardalotidae
Pardalotus with nesting material.jpg
Passerellidae Passerellidae
Spizella passerina JVDH.jpg
Pellorneidae Pellorneidae
Mountain Fulvetta.jpg
Petroicidae Petroicidae
Petroica boodang male - Knocklofty.jpg
Peucedramidae Peucedramidae
Olive Warbler (Peucedramus taeniatus).jpg
Pigwyr blodau Dicaeidae
Dicaeum trigonostigma 1.jpg
Pincod Fringillidae
Fringilla coelebs chaffinch male edit2.jpg
Pitaod Pittidae
Pitta cyanea 1 - Khao Yai.jpg
Pityriaseidae Pityriaseidae
Barite chauve.JPG
Pokrzewczyki Hyliidae
Preblynnod Timaliidae
Macronus gularis chersonesophilus - Kaeng Krachan.jpg
Prysgadar Atrichornithidae
Atrichornis-clamosus.jpg
Psophodidae Psophodidae
Easternwhipbird2.jpg
Phylloscopidae Phylloscopidae
Willow warbler UK09.JPG
Regulidae Regulidae
Goudhaantjes.jpg
Robinod Awstralia Eopsaltriidae
Rockfowl, rockjumper and rail-babbler Eupetidae
Eupetes macrocerus 1838.jpg
Rhagologidae Rhagologidae
Rhesogion y palmwydd Dulidae
Dulus dominicus.JPG
Rhipiduridae Rhipiduridae
Grey fantail3444.jpg
Rhynchocyclidae Rhynchocyclidae
Sapayoidae Sapayoidae
Scotocercidae Scotocercidae
Dromoïque du désert.JPG
Siglennod Motacillidae
Anthus-rubescens-001.jpg
Silky-flycatcher Ptilogonatidae
Phainopepla nitens 1.jpg
sparrow Passeridae
Petronia petronia.JPG
Stenostiridae Stenostiridae
Culicicapa ceylonensis - Mae Wong.jpg
Sugarbird Promeropidae
Cape Sugarbird (Promerops cafer).jpg
Sylviidae according to Sibley
Syndactyles Syndactyles
Tachurisidae Tachurisidae
Tapacwlos Rhinocryptidae
Ocellated Tapaculo (Acropternis orthonyx).jpg
Teloriaid Sylviidae
Acrocephalus schoenobaenus 1 (Marek Szczepanek).jpg
Teloriaid (yr Hen Fyd) Sylviidae
Sylvia atricapilla male 2.jpg
Telorion y Byd Newydd Parulidae
Protonotaria-citrea-002 edit.jpg
Tephrodornithidae Tephrodornithidae
Hemipus hirundinaceus.jpg
Teyrn-wybedogion Tyrannidae
Empidonax flavescens-cropped version.jpg
Tichodromidae Tichodromidae
Tichodroma muraria NAUMANN.jpg
Titw Paridae
Lophophanes cristatus -Aviemore, Scotland-8 (2).jpg
Titwod cynffonhir Aegithalidae
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus.jpg
Titwod Pendil Remizidae
Auriparus flaviceps.jpg
Tityridae Tityridae
Pachyramphus castaneus.jpg
Tresglod Icteridae
Bullock's Oriole.jpg
Trochwyr Cinclidae
Waterspreeuw.jpg
Turnagridae Turnagridae
Twinciaid banana Coerebidae
Bananaquits.jpg
Tyrannidae according to Sibley Tyrannidae
Thraupidae Thraupidae
Green-headed Tanager Ubatuba.jpg
Urocynchramidae Urocynchramidae
Urocynchramus pylzowi Gould.jpg
Viduidae Viduidae
Whydah 2354851969.jpg
Diwedd y rhestr a gynhyrchwyd yn otomatig o Wicidata.

Cyfeiriadau[golygu | golygu cod y dudalen]

  1. Hennessey, Kathryn & Victoria Wiggins, goln. (2010) The Natural History Book, Dorling Kindersley, Llundain.
  2. Scott, Graham (2010) Essential Ornithology, Oxford University Press, Rhydychen.
  3.  Gill, F. & D. Donsker (goln.) (2012). IOC World Bird List, Version 3.1: Family Index. Adalwyd ar 29 Gorffennaf 2012.