L. S. Lowry

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Neidio i: llywio, chwilio
L. S. Lowry; 29 Awst 2007

Arlunydd o Sais oedd Laurence Stephen Lowry (1 Tachwedd 188723 Chwefror 1976). Fe'i ganwyd yn Stretford, ger Manceinion. Darluniodd Pendlebury droeon, sef maestref pedair milltir i'r gogledd o ganol Manceinion; yma y gweithiodd ac yma y treuliodd 40 mlynedd o'i fywyd. Roedd Manceinion yn fwrlwm o ddiwydiant yng nghanol yr 20fed ganrif ac nid oedd gan Lowry ofn ei ddarlunio, a'r bobl roedd yn eu plith.

Datblygodd steil unigryw o beintio'r hyn a oedd o'i gwmpas: tirluniau yn llawn diwydiant a phobl a elwir gan eraill yn "bobl matsys" ("matchstick men"). Cyhoeddwyd y gweithiau "marionette" wedi ei farwolaeth.

Anwybyddai'r tywydd i raddau helaeth ac roedd ei bobl yn 'garactures' syml; ac oherwydd hyn galwyd ef gan rai yn naïf. [1] "Sunday painter", er nad yw hyn yn farn y rhan fwyaf o galeriau mwya'r byd.[2][3][4][5]

Arddangosir casgliad eitha swmpus o'i waith mewn galeri gyhoeddus o'i waith yn Salford Quays, galeri o'r enw "The Lowry".

Darlun gan Lowry o Hudersfield yn 1965.

Gwrthododd Lowry bum anrhydedd gan gynnwys ei wneud yn Farchog gan Frenhines Lloegr yn 1968; yn wir ef yw'r Prydeiniwr sydd wedi gwrthod y mwyaf o anrhydeddau.[6]

Ar 26 Mehefin 2013 agorwyd arddangosfa fawr o'i waith yn Tate Britain yn Llundain, y tro cyntaf idynt arddangos casgliad o'i waith.

Dyfyniadau[golygu | golygu cod y dudalen]

Ar dirluniau diwydiannol:

  • "We went to Pendlebury in 1909 from a residential side of Manchester, and we didn't like it. My father wanted to go to get near a friend for business reasons. We lived next door, and for a long time my mother never got to like it, and at first I disliked it, and then after about a year or so I got used to it, and then I got absorbed in it, then I got infatuated with it. Then I began to wonder if anyone had ever done it. Seriously, not one or two, but seriously; and it seemed to me by that time that it was a very fine industrial subject matter. And I couldn't see anybody at that time who had done it - and nobody had done it, it seemed."
  • "Most of my land and townscape is composite. Made up; part real and part imaginary [...] bits and pieces of my home locality. I don't even know I'm putting them in. They just crop up on their own, like things do in dreams."

Ar ei steil:

  • "I wanted to paint myself into what absorbed me [...] Natural figures would have broken the spell of it, so I made my figures half unreal. Some critics have said that I turned my figures into puppets, as if my aim were to hint at the hard economic necessities that drove them. To say the truth, I was not thinking very much about the people. I did not care for them in the way a social reformer does. They are part of a private beauty that haunted me. I loved them and the houses in the same way: as part of a vision.
  • "I am a simple man, and I use simple materials: ivory black, vermilion, prussian blue, yellow ochre, flake white and no medium. That's all I've ever used in my paintings. I like oils [...] I like a medium you can work into over a period of time."

Ar ei baentiadau o lan y môr:

  • "It's the battle of life - the turbulence of the sea [...] I have been fond of the sea all my life, how wonderful it is, yet how terrible it is. But I often think [...] what if it suddenly changed its mind and didn't turn the tide? And came straight on? If it didn't stay and came on and on and on and on [...] That would be the end of it all."

Ar gelf:

  • "You don't need brains to be a painter, just feelings."
  • "I am not an artist. I am a man who paints."
  • "This art is a terrible business."

Cyfeiriadau[golygu | golygu cod y dudalen]

  1. Jones, Jonathan (18 Ebrill 2011). "LS Lowry: The original grime artist". guardian.co.uk (Llundain: Guardian News and Media). http://www.guardian.co.uk/artanddesign/2011/apr/18/ls-lowry-tate. Adalwyd 21 Hydref 2011.
  2. L. S. Lowry Retrospective Exhibition (Manchester: Manchester City Art Gallery, 1959)
  3. L S Lowry RA: Retrospective Exhibition, (London: Arts Council, 1966)
  4. Mervyn Levy, L. S. Lowry (London: Royal Academy of Art, 1976)
  5. M. Leber and J. Sandling (eds.), L. S. Lowry Centenary Exhibition (Salford: Salford Museum & Art Gallery, 1987)
  6. Rogers, Simon (26 Ioanwr 2012). "Refused honours: who were the people who said no? (And help us find out)". http://www.guardian.co.uk/news/datablog/2012/jan/26/refused-honours-list-download. Adalwyd 2012-11-18.