Nodyn:Cite journal

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Documentation icon Dogfennaeth nodyn[gweld] [golygu] [hanes] [puro]

Cite journal is a template used to format references to articles in magazines and academic journals and for academic papers in a consistent and legible manner. It can be placed within <ref>...</ref> tags for in-line citations or directly as an entry in the References section. See also: Help:Footnotes.

{{Cite journal}} is intended for papers in journals, which are issued periodically and have volume and (usually) issue numbers. It is not intended for conference proceedings, which should be cited with {{Cite conference}}. Nor is it intended for articles in edited books or in encyclopedias or similar collections, which should be cited with {{Cite encyclopedia}} (which, despite its name, applies to all edited collections, not only encyclopedias).

Easier ways of citing are available. If the paper:

Usage[golygu cod y dudalen]

All field names must be lowercase. Unused fields should be removed, rather than left blank.

Common parameters, horizontal format

  • {{cite journal |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |year= |title= |journal= |volume= |issue= |pages= |publisher= |doi= |url= |accessdate= }}

Common parameters for Vancouver system citations

  • {{cite journal |author= |year= |title= |journal= |volume= |issue= |pages= |publisher= |doi= |pmid= |pmc= |url= |accessdate= }}

All parameters, horizontal format

  • {{cite journal |last= |first= |author= |authorlink= |coauthors= |date= |year= |month= |title= |trans_title= |journal= |volume= |series= |issue= |page= |pages= |at= |chapter= |location= |publisher= |editor1-first= |editor1-last= |editor1-link= |language= |format= |arxiv= |id= |isbn= |issn= |oclc= |pmid= |pmc= |bibcode= |doi= |accessdate= |url= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |laysource= |laysummary= |laydate= |quote= |ref= |separator= |postscript= }}


All Parameters
Using lastname, firstname
All Parameters
Using author
Common Parameters
Using lastname, firstname
Common Parameters
Using author
{{cite journal
 | last1 = 
 | first1 = 
 | authorlink1 = 
 | last2 = 
 | first2 = 
 | authorlink2 = 
 | editor-last = 
 | editor-first = 
 | editor-link = 
 | date = 
 | year = 
 | month = 
 | title = 
 | trans_title = 
 | journal = 
 | volume = 
 | issue = 
 | series = 
 | pages = 
 | location = 
 | publisher = 
 | language = 
 | format = 
 | arxiv = 
 | id = 
 | isbn = 
 | issn = 
 | oclc = 
 | pmid = 
 | pmc = 
 | bibcode = 
 | doi = 
 | accessdate = 
 | url = 
 | archiveurl = 
 | archivedate = 
 | laysource = 
 | laysummary = 
 | laydate = 
 | quote = 
 | ref = 
 | separator = 
 | postscript = 
}}
{{cite journal
 | author = 
 | authorlink = 
 | editor = 
 | editor-link = 
 | date = 
 | year = 
 | month = 
 | title = 
 | trans_title = 
 | journal = 
 | volume = 
 | issue = 
 | series = 
 | pages = 
 | location = 
 | publisher = 
 | language = 
 | format = 
 | arxiv = 
 | id = 
 | isbn = 
 | issn = 
 | oclc = 
 | pmid = 
 | pmc = 
 | bibcode = 
 | doi = 
 | accessdate = 
 | url = 
 | archiveurl = 
 | archivedate = 
 | laysource = 
 | laysummary = 
 | laydate = 
 | quote = 
 | ref = 
 | separator = 
 | postscript = 
}}
{{cite journal
 | last1 = 
 | first1 = 
 | authorlink1 = 
 | last2 = 
 | first2 = 
 | authorlink2 = 
 | year = 
 | month = 
 | title = 
 | journal = 
 | volume = 
 | issue = 
 | pages = 
 | location = 
 | publisher = 
 | format = 
 | arxiv = 
 | id = 
 | bibcode = 
 | doi = 
 | accessdate = 
 | url = 
}}
{{cite journal
 | author = 
 | authorlink = 
 | editor = 
 | editorlink = 
 | year = 
 | month = 
 | title = 
 | journal = 
 | volume = 
 | issue = 
 | pages = 
 | location = 
 | publisher = 
 | format = 
 | arxiv = 
 | id = 
 | bibcode = 
 | doi = 
 | accessdate = 
 | url = 
}}

Result (using lastname, firstname) last, first; coauthors (date). editor-last, editor-first. ed. [archiveurl "title [trans_title]"] (yn language) (format). journal. series (location: publisher) volume (issue): pages. arXiv:arxiv. Bibcode bibcode. doi:10.doi. ISSN issn. OCLC oclc. PMC pmc. PMID pmid. id. Archifwyd o [url y gwreiddiol] ar archivedate. archiveurl. Adalwyd accessdate. [laysummary Lay summary] – laysource (laydate). "quote"

Result (using author) author (date). editor. ed. [archiveurl "title [trans_title]"] (yn language) (format). journal (location: publisher) volume (issue): pages. arXiv:arxiv. Bibcode bibcode. doi:10.doi. ISSN issn. OCLC oclc. PMC pmc. PMID pmid. id. Archifwyd o [url y gwreiddiol] ar archivedate. archiveurl. Adalwyd accessdate. [laysummary Lay summary] – laysource (laydate). "quote"

Examples[golygu cod y dudalen]

Formal citation

{{cite journal |last=Smith |first=Joseph III |title=Last Testimony of Sister Emma |journal=The Saints' Herald |volume=26 |year=1879 |month=October |page=289}}
  • Smith, Joseph III (October 1879). "Last Testimony of Sister Emma". The Saints' Herald 26: 289.

Vancouver style (common in biomedicine)

{{cite journal |author=Bannen RM, Suresh V, Phillips GN Jr, Wright SJ, Mitchell JC |title=Optimal design of thermally stable proteins |journal=Bioinformatics |volume=24 |issue=20 |pages=2339–43 |year=2008 |pmid=18723523 |pmc=2562006 |doi=10.1093/bioinformatics/btn450 |url=http://bioinformatics.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/24/20/2339 }}

Include URL link to free-article, pre-print or abstract; also supply access date unless the URL is known to be stable.

{{cite journal |journal= Energy Policy |year=2008 |volume=36 |issue=6 |pages=1858–1866 |title= Effect of daylight saving time on lighting energy use: a literature review |author=Aries, Myriam B. C.; and Newsham, Guy R. |doi=10.1016/j.enpol.2007.05.021 |url=http://www.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/obj/irc/doc/pubs/nrcc49212/nrcc49212.pdf |format=PDF |accessdate=September 1, 2009 }}

Specify the DOI to provide a permanent link. Also give the PMID abstract for medical articles, and the URL if the article is free. PubMed Central free full-text repository links may also be supplied and will link the title if URL not specified, else as additional linked PMC value at the end of the citation

{{cite journal |author=Viollet, Benoit; Andreelli, Fabrizio; Jørgensen, Sebastian B.; ''et al.'' |title=The AMP-activated protein kinase alpha2 catalytic subunit controls whole-body insulin sensitivity |journal=The Journal of Clinical Investigation |volume=111 |issue=1 |pages=91–8 |year=2003 |month=January |pmid=12511592 |pmc=151837 |doi=10.1172/JCI16567 |url=http://www.jci.org/articles/view/16567 }}

Whereas if the url had not been specified, then the title is linked to PubMed Central's copy of the article and no duplicate PMC link is shown for compactness:

{{cite journal |author=Viollet, Benoit; Andreelli, Fabrizio; Jørgensen, Sebastian B.; ''et al.'' |title=The AMP-activated protein kinase alpha2 catalytic subunit controls whole-body insulin sensitivity |journal=The Journal of Clinical Investigation |volume=111 |issue=1 |pages=91–8 |year=2003 |month=January |pmid=12511592 |pmc=151837 |doi=10.1172/JCI16567 |url= }}

If the doi link is broken, then use of the doi_brokendate parameter unlinks the doi value, indicates when the doi-problem was first noticed, and will also add the page to "Category:Pages with DOIs broken since YYYY":

{{cite journal |author=Viollet, Benoit; Andreelli, Fabrizio; Jørgensen, Sebastian B.; ''et al.'' |title=The AMP-activated protein kinase alpha2 catalytic subunit controls whole-body insulin sensitivity |journal=The Journal of Clinical Investigation |volume=111 |issue=1 |pages=91–8 |year=2003 |month=January |pmid=12511592 |pmc=151837 |doi=10.1172/JCI16567 |doi_brokendate=June 18, 2008 |url= }}

If the article is in a foreign language, and the original title is unknown

{{cite journal |author=Huang, Y.; Lu, J.; Shen, Y.; and Lu, J. |trans_title=The protective effects of total flavonoids from ''Lycium barbarum'' L. on lipid peroxidation of liver mitochondria and red blood cell in rats |language=Chinese |journal=Wei Sheng Yan Jiu |volume=28 |issue=2 |pages=115–6 |year=1999 |month=March |pmid=11938998 }}
  • Huang, Y.; Lu, J.; Shen, Y.; and Lu, J. (March 1999). "[The protective effects of total flavonoids from Lycium barbarum L. on lipid peroxidation of liver mitochondria and red blood cell in rats]" (yn Chinese). Wei Sheng Yan Jiu 28 (2): 115–6. PMID 11938998.

Other examples

{{cite journal |last=Fowler |first=Martin |authorlink=Martin Fowler |coauthors=Beck, Kent |title=Last Testimony of Sister Emma |journal=The Saints' Herald |volume=26 |year=1879 |month=October |pages=289}}
  • Fowler, Martin; Beck, Kent (October 1879). "Last Testimony of Sister Emma". The Saints' Herald 26: 289.
{{cite journal |first=W. Hugh |last=Woodin |title=The Continuum Hypothesis, Part I |journal=Notices of the AMS |volume=48 |issue=6 |year=2001 |pages=567–576 |location=Providence, RI |publisher=American Mathematical Society |url=http://www.ams.org/notices/200106/fea-woodin.pdf |format=PDF |issn=1088-9477 |oclc=34550461 }}
{{cite journal |title=Disney Releases 10 Titles on Laser Videodisc |year=1982 |journal=VIDEODISC/VIDEOTEX |volume=2 |issue=3 |pages=175}}
  • "Disney Releases 10 Titles on Laser Videodisc". VIDEODISC/VIDEOTEX 2 (3): 175. 1982.

Parameters[golygu cod y dudalen]

Syntax[golygu cod y dudalen]

Nested parameters rely on their parent parameters:

  • parent
  • OR: parent2—may be used instead of parent
    • child—may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2—may be used instead of child (and is ignored if parent2 is not used)
Where aliases are listed, only one of the parameters may be defined; if aliased parameters are defined, then only one will show.

This template embeds COinS metadata in the HTML output, allowing reference management software to retrieve bibliographic metadata; see Wikipedia:COinS.

  • Be careful using templates within the citation template, as many will add a lot of extraneous HTML or CSS that will be rendered in the meta-data.
    • Known templates that should not be used: {{smallcaps}}.

By default, sets of fields are terminated with a period (.); this can be an issue when the last field in an abbreviation or initial with a period, as two periods then display. The only solution is to not include the last period in the value for the set of fields.

Description[golygu cod y dudalen]

  • last: Surname of author. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use last to include the same format as the source.
    • first: Given or first names of author, including title(s); for example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use first1, last1 through first9, last9 for up to nine authors. By default, if nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and "et al." will show in place of the last author.
  • authorlink: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author—not the author's website; do not wikilink.
  • OR: for multiple authors, use authorlink1 through authorlink9.
Aliases: last, last1, author, authors; last1, author1 through last9, author9
When using Shortened footnotes or Parenthetical referencing styles with templates, do not use multiple names in one parameter else the anchor will not match the inline link.
  • title: Title of source. Can be wikilinked to an existing Wikipedia article or url may be used to add an external link, but not both. Displays in quotes.
    • trans_title: English translation of the title if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after title; if url is defined, then trans_title is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
Titles containing certain characters will display and link incorrectly unless those characters are encoded.
newline [ ] |
space &#91; &#93; &#124;

Nodyn:Citation Style documentation/journal

  • edition: When the publication has more than one edition; for example: "2nd", "Revised", and so forth. Appends the string " ed." after the field, so |edition=2nd produces "2nd ed." Does not display if a periodical field is defined.
  • series or version: When the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal where the issue numbering has restarted.

Nodyn:Citation Style documentation/volume

  • date: Full date of source being referenced in the same format as other publication dates in the citations.[1] Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher.
  • OR: year: Year of source being referenced.
    • month: Name of the month of publication. If you also have the day, use date instead; do not wikilink.
    • origyear: Original publication year; displays after the date or year. For clarity, please supply specifics; example: |origyear=First published 1859 or |origyear=Composed 1904.
  1. Publication dates in references within an article should all have the same format. See MOS:DATEUNIFY.
  • publisher: Name of publisher; may be wikilinked if relevant. Not normally included for periodicals. Corporate designations such as "Ltd", "Inc" or "GmbH" are not usually included. Displays after title; if work is defined, then publisher and location are enclosed in parentheses.
  • location: Geographical place of publication; generally not wikilinked; omit when the name of the work includes the location; examples: The Boston Globe, The Times of India. Displays preceding publisher.
  • publication-date: Date of publication when different from the date the work was written. Displays only if year or date are defined and only if different, else publication-date is used and displayed as date. Use the same format as other dates in the article; do not wikilink. Follows publisher; if work is not defined, then publication-date is preceded by "published" and enclosed in parenthesis.
  • language: The language the source is written in, if not English. Displays in parentheses with "in" before the language name. Use the full language name; do not use icons or templates.
  • editor-last: Surname of editor. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use editor-last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: editor1-last, editor, editors.
    • editor-first: Given or first names of editor, including title(s); example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Aliases: editor1-first.
    • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-last, editor1-first through editor4-last, editor4-first for up to four editors.
  • editor-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor—not the editor's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: editor1-link.
  • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-link through editor4-link.
Display:
If authors: Authors are first, followed by the included work, then "In" and the editors, then the main work.
If no authors: Editors appear before the included work; a single editor is followed by "ed."; multiple editors are followed by "eds."; more than three editors will be followed by "et al., eds."

Nodyn:Citation Style documentation/others

  • id: A unique identifier, used where none of the specialized identifiers are applicable; wikilink or use a template as applicable.

Nodyn:Citation Style documentation/pages periodical

  • url: URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found. Cannot be used if title is wikilinked. If applicable, the link may point to the specific page(s) referenced. Do not link to any commercial booksellers such as Amazon.com; see WP:PAGELINKS.
    • accessdate: Full date when URL was accessed; use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations;[1] do not wikilink. Can be hidden by registered editors.
    • archiveurl: The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the url becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite and the Internet Archive; requires archivedate.
      • archivedate: Date when the item was archived; use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations;[1] do not wikilink. Displays preceded by "archived from the original on".
      • deadurl: When the URL is still live, but preemptively archived, then set |deadurl=no. This changes the display order with the title retaining the original link and the archive linked at the end.
    • template doc demo: The archive parameters have error checking to ensure that all the required parameters are included, else {{citation error}} is invoked. On errors, main, help and template pages are placed into Category:Articles with incorrect citation syntax. Set |template doc demo=true to disable categorization; mainly used for documentation where the error is demonstrated.
  • format: Format of the work referred to by url; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; HTML is implied and should not be specified; displayed in parentheses after title. Does not change external link icon.
URLs must begin with a supported URI scheme: http:// and https:// will be supported by all browsers; irc://, ircs://, ftp://, news:, mailto: and gopher:// will require a plugin or an external application and should normally be avoided. IPv6 host-names are currently not supported.
If URLs in citation template parameters contain certain characters they will display and link incorrectly. Those characters need to be percent-encoded. For example, a space must be replaced by %20. To encode the URL, replace these characters:
sp " ' < > [ ] | }
%20 %22 %27 %3c %3e %5b %5d %7c %7d
Single apostrophes do not need to be encoded; but unencoded multiples will be parsed as italic or bold markup. Single curly closing braces also do not need to be encoded; but an unencoded pair will be parsed as the double closing braces for the template transclusion.
  1. 1.0 1.1 Access and archive dates in references should all have the same format – either the format used for publication dates, or YYYY-MM-DD. See MOS:DATEUNIFY.
  • quote: Relevant text quoted from the source. Displays enclosed in quotes. When supplied, the citation terminator (a period by default) is suppressed, so the quote needs to include terminating punctuation.
  • laysummary: URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; the URL title is set to "Lay summary".
    • laysource: Name of the source of the laysummary. Displays in italics and preceded by an endash.
    • laydate: Date of the summary. Displays in parentheses.
  • author-mask: Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text. Set author-mask to a numeric value to set the dash in em spaces; set author-mask to a text value to display a word instead; for example, "with". You must still include the values for all authors for metadata purposes. Primarily intended for use in bibliographies for some styles where multiple works by a single author are listed. Do not use in a list generated by {{reflist}}, <references /> or similar as there is no control as to the order that references will display.
  • author-name-separator: Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space (, ); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.
  • author-separator: Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space (; ); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.
  • display-authors: By default, the number of authors displayed is limited to 8; if 9 are provided, the ninth is displayed as "et al." This parameter allows display of fewer authors before the "et al."; for example, use |display-authors=2 for only two authors. The "et al." may be suppressed altogether by setting |display-authors=9.
  • lastauthoramp: When set to any value, changes the separator to use between the last two names in lists of authors to an ampersand (&); defaults to a semicolon and space (; ), else author-separator if set.
  • postscript: The closing punctuation for the citation; defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present, but blank, no terminating punctuation will be used. Ignored if quote is defined.
  • separator: The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc. Defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.

TemplateData[golygu cod y dudalen]

This template formats a citation to an article in a magazine or journal, using the provided source information (e.g. journal name, author, title, issue, URL) and various formatting options.

Paramedrau'r nodyn

This template prefers inline formatting of parameters.

ParamedrDisgrifiadMathStatws
URLurl URL

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found. Requires schemes of the type "http://..." or maybe even the &nbsp;protocol relative scheme "//..."

Example
https://www.nytimes.com/...
Linesuggested
Titletitle

The title of the article; can be wikilinked to an existing Wikipedia article or url may be used to add an external link, but not both. Displays in quotes.

Contentangenrheidiol
Last namelast author author1 authors last1

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Linesuggested
First namefirst first1

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Linesuggested
Last name 2last2 author2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

Linedewisol
First name 2first2

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

Linedewisol
Source datedate

Date of the source; do not wikilink. As listed in the publication

Example
Summer 2017
Datesuggested
Journaljournal

Name of the source journal; may be wikilinked; displays in italics; alias of 'work'

Contentangenrheidiol
Publisherpublisher

Name of the publisher; displays after title

Contentdewisol
Issueissue

Issue identifier when the source is part of a series that is published periodically

Linedewisol
DOIdoi

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

Stringdewisol
DOI broken datedoi_brokendate

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

Datedewisol
Year of publicationyear

Year of the source being referenced; recommended only when date parameter format is YYYY-MM-DD and a CITEREF disambiguator is needed

Numberdewisol
Original yearorig-year origyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

Numberdewisol
Editor last nameeditor-last editor1-last

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-last', 'editor'

Linedewisol
Editor first nameeditor-first editor1-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

Linedewisol
Editor linkeditor-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-link'

Pagedewisol
Seriesseries version

Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal; alias of 'version'

Contentdewisol
Location of publicationlocation

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

Stringdewisol
Publication datepublication-date

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

Datedewisol
Editionedition

When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed with ' ed.'

Linedewisol
Volumevolume

For one publication published in several volumes

Linesuggested
Pagepage

Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

Linedewisol
Pagespages

Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

Linesuggested
Atat

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

Linedewisol
Languagelanguage

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

Contentdewisol
Translated titletrans-title trans_title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

Contentdewisol
Formatformat

Format of the work referred to by 'url' ('url' is required when using 'format'); examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

Contentdewisol
arXiv identifierarxiv

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

Linedewisol
ASINasin

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

Linedewisol
ASIN TLDasin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

Linedewisol
Bibcodebibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

Linedewisol
ISBNisbn

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

Linedewisol
ISSNissn

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

Linedewisol
jfm codejfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

Linedewisol
JSTORjstor

JSTOR identifier

Linedewisol
LCCNlccn

Library of Congress Control Number

Linedewisol
MRmr

Mathematical Reviews identifier

Linedewisol
OCLCoclc

Online Computer Library Center number

Numberdewisol
OLol

Open Library identifier

Linedewisol
OSTIosti

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

Linedewisol
PMCpmc

PubMed Center article number

Numberdewisol
PMIDpmid

PubMed Unique Identifier

Linedewisol
RFCrfc

Request for Comments number

Numberdewisol
SSRNssrn

Social Science Research Network

Linedewisol
Zblzbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

Linedewisol
idid

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

Linedewisol
Quotequote

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

Contentdewisol
Refref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv and sfn templates

Linedewisol
Separatorseparator

The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as &#32; to suppress use reserved keyword 'none'

Yn ddiofyn
.
Linedewisol
Postscriptpostscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined; to suppress use reserved keyword 'none'

Yn ddiofyn
.
Linedewisol
Last name 3last3 author3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

Linedewisol
First name 3first3

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

Linedewisol
Last name 4last4 author4

The surname of the forth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

Linedewisol
First name 4first4

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the forth author; don't wikilink.

Linedewisol
Last name 5last5 author5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

Linedewisol
First name 5first5

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

Linedewisol
Last name 6last6 author6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

Linedewisol
First name 6first6

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

Linedewisol
Last name 7last7 author7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

Linedewisol
First name 7first7

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

Linedewisol
Last name 8last8 author8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

Linedewisol
First name 8first8

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

Linedewisol
Last name 9last9 author9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

Linedewisol
First name 9first9

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

Linedewisol
Editor last name 2editor2-last editor2

The surname of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'.

Linedewisol
Editor first name 2editor2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second editor; don't wikilink.

Linedewisol
Editor last name 3editor3-last editor3

The surname of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'.

Linedewisol
Editor first name 3editor3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third editor; don't wikilink.

Linedewisol
Editor last name 4editor4-last editor4

The surname of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'.

Linedewisol
Editor first name 4editor4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth editor; don't wikilink.

Linedewisol
Author maskauthor-mask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringdewisol
Author name separatorauthor-name-separator

Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as &#32;

Yn ddiofyn
,
Linedewisol
Author separatorauthor-separator

Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as &#32;

Yn ddiofyn
;
Linedewisol
Author linkauthor-link authorlink

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Pagedewisol
Author link 2author-link2 author2-link authorlink2

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author.

Pagedewisol
URL access dateaccess-date accessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

Datedewisol
Archive URLarchive-url archiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

Linedewisol
Archive datearchive-date archivedate

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

Datedewisol
Dead URLdead-url deadurl

If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

Linedewisol
Author link 3author-link3 author3-link authorlink3

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

Pagedewisol
Author link 4author-link4 author4-link authorlink4

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the forth author.

Pagedewisol
Author link 5author-link5 author5-link authorlink5

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

Pagedewisol
Author link 6author-link6 author6-link authorlink6

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

Pagedewisol
Author link 7author-link7 author7-link authorlink7

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

Pagedewisol
Author link 8author-link8 author8-link authorlink8

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

Pagedewisol
Author link 9author-link9 author9-link authorlink9

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

Pagedewisol
Editor link 2editor2-link editor2link editorlink2

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second editor.

Pagedewisol
Editor link 3editor3-link editor3link editorlink3

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third editor.

Pagedewisol
Editor link 4editor4-link editor4link editorlink4

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth editor.

Pagedewisol
Chapterchapter

The chapter heading of the source

Stringdewisol

Notes[golygu cod y dudalen]

Although it may appear redundant to include multiple ids for articles, it is helpful for many editors who only have access to a certain resource. If only one ID is to be included, the DOI should be used, as this is the universal standard preferred by professional publications. Specifying a link as a doi, pmid etc is always preferable to including it as a url parameter, as it makes it clear that the link is accurate and stable, but not necessarily openly accessible.

This template produces COinS metadata; see COinS in Wikipedia for background information.