Nodyn:Cite book

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Documentation icon Dogfennaeth nodyn[gweld] [golygu] [hanes] [puro]

This template is used to cite sources in Wikipedia. It is specifically for books. When citing an article in a compilation or anthology, {{cite journal}} or {{cite encyclopedia}} work better. If the book is being referenced via a web page, then unless it is a page that reproduces the book (or sections of it), {{Cite web}} should be used instead.

Usage[golygu cod y dudalen]

All parameter names must be in lowercase.

Copy a blank version to use. Remember to use the "|" (pipe) character between each parameter. Please delete any unused parameters to avoid clutter in the edit window.

Full version (copy and paste text below and delete parameters you do not need)
{{cite book |last1= |first1= |authorlink1= |last2= |first2= |authorlink2= |coauthors= |editor1-first= |editor1-last= |editor1-link= |others= |title= |trans_title= |url= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |format= |accessdate= |type= |edition= |series= |volume= |date= |year= |month= |origyear= |publisher= |location= |language= |isbn= |oclc= |doi= |id= |page= |pages= |at= |trans_chapter= |chapter= |chapterurl= |quote= |ref= |bibcode= |laysummary= |laydate= |separator= |postscript= |lastauthoramp=}}
Most commonly used parameters (use this and you will not have to delete as much)
{{cite book |title= |last= |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |year= |publisher= |location= |isbn= |page= |pages= |url= |accessdate=}}
Vertical list Prerequisites * Brief instructions
{{cite book
| last          = 
| first         = 
| authormask    = 
| authorlink    = 
| coauthors     = 
| firstn        = 
| lastn         = 
| authorn-link  = 
| editor        = 
| editorn-last  = 
| editorn-first = 
| editor-link   = 
| editorn-link  = 
| others        = 
| title         = 
| trans_title   = 
| url           = 
| archiveurl    = 
| archivedate   = 
| format        = 
| accessdate    = 
| type          = 
| edition       = 
| series        = 
| volume        = 
| date          = 
| origyear      = 
| year          = 
| month         = 
| publisher     = 
| location      = 
| language      = 
| isbn          = 
| oclc          = 
| lccn          = 
| doi           = 
| bibcode       = 
| id            = 
| page          = 
| pages         = 
| nopp          = 
| at            = 
| chapter       = 
| trans_chapter = 
| chapterurl    = 
| quote         = 
| ref           = 
| laysummary    = 
| laydate       = 
| separator     = 
| postscript    = 
| lastauthoramp = 
}}


last

last
last
lastn

lastn



editor or editor-last
editorn-last





archiveurl
url
url





year or date

year

publisher









page or pages



chapter



laysummary


coauthors or >1 lastn


(no wikilink)
(no wikilink)


alternative to first2, last2 ... first9, last9
(no wikilink). n = 1 through 9
(no wikilink). n = 1 through 9
n = 1 through 9

n = 1 through 4
n = 1 through 4

n = 1 through 4



insert URL of online version of the book or an extract, if available








†preferred (no wikilink)

alternative to date




always include ISBN if one has been assigned







hides automatic 'p' or 'pp'.
alternative to page/pages when those are used with nopp
‡(no wikilink). Synonymous with "contribution".










† This is the preferred parameter with its alternates listed below.

‡ If |chapterurl= is provided then |chapter= cannot have wikilinks.

Examples[golygu cod y dudalen]

Title

*{{cite book |title=Mysterious book}}
  • Mysterious book.

Year and title:

*{{cite book |title=Mysterious book |year=1901}}
  • Mysterious book. 1901.

Basic usage:

*{{cite book |first=Joe |last=Bloggs |authorlink=Joe Bloggs |year=1974 |title=Book of Bloggs}}

Basic usage with url

*{{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Joe |authorlink=Joe Bloggs |year=1974 |title=Book of Bloggs |edition=1st |url=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |accessdate=February 17, 2006}}

Citing a chapter in a book with different authors for different chapters and an editor

*{{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Fred |editor-first=John |editor-last=Doe |title=Big Compilation Book With Many Chapters and distinct chapter authors |publisher=Book Publishers |date=January 1, 2001 |pages=100–110 |chapter=Chapter 2: The History Of The Bloggs Family |isbn=1234567890}}
  • Bloggs, Fred (January 1, 2001). "Chapter 2: The History Of The Bloggs Family". In Doe, John (gol,.). Big Book With Many Chapters and distinct chapter authors. Book Publishers. pp. 100–110. ISBN 1234567890 Check |isbn= value: checksum (help).

Citing a chapter in a book with two joint authors and an editor

*{{cite book |last1=Bloggs |first1=Joe |last2=Egg |first2=Fred |first3=John (ed.) |last3=Doe |title=Big Book With Many Chapters and two co-authors |publisher=Book Publishers |date=January 1, 2001 |origyear=1st. Pub. 1986 |pages=100–110 |chapter=Chapter 6: Getting There |chapterurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |isbn=1234567890 |lastauthoramp=y}}
  • Bloggs, Joe; Egg, Fred & Doe, John (ed.) (January 1, 2001) [1st. Pub. 1986]. "Chapter 6: Getting There". Big Book With Many Chapters and two co-authors. Book Publishers. pp. 100–110. ISBN 1234567890 Check |isbn= value: checksum (help).CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)

Three authors, title with a piped wikilink, edition

*{{cite book |last1=Bloggs |first1=Joe |authorlink=Joe Bloggs |first2=John |last2=Smith |first3=Jim |last3=Smythe |title=[[A Thousand Acres |1000 Acres]] |edition=2nd}}

Complex usage showing effect of using volume parameter and lastauthoramp parameter

Without volume and lastauthoramp parameters:
*{{cite book |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |last1=Playfair |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |first2=Commander G.M.S |last2=Stitt |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last3=Molony |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |last4=Toomer |editor-first=J.R.M |editor-last=Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |year=2007 |origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3}}
  • Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; Stitt, Commander G.M.S; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C.; Toomer, Air Vice-Marshall S.E. (2007) [1st. pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M (gol,.). Mediterranean and Middle East. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3.
With volume and last authoramp parameters:
*{{cite book |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |last1=Playfair |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |first2=Commander G.M.S |last2=Stitt |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last3=Molony |first4=Air Vice-Marshall S.E. |last4=Toomer |editor-first=J.R.M |editor-last=Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East |volume=Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |year=2007 |origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3 |lastauthoramp=y}}
  • Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; Stitt, Commander G.M.S; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer, Air Vice-Marshall S.E. (2007) [1st. pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M (gol,.). Mediterranean and Middle East. History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3.

Date without day, wikilinked title and publisher, id, pages, location

*{{cite book |last=Cordell |first=Bruce R. |coauthors=Jeff Grubb, David Noonan |year=2001 |month=September |title=[[Manual of the Planes]] |publisher=[[Wizards of the Coast]] |location=Timbuktu |isbn=0-7869-1850-8 |pages= 134–137}}

Other language

*{{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Jean |year=1974 |title=Livre de Bloggs |edition=1st |language=French |trans_title=Book of Bloggs |url=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |accessdate=February 17, 2006}}
  • Bloggs, Jean (1974). Livre de Bloggs (yn French) (arg. 1st.). Cyrchwyd February 17, 2006. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)

Using a DOI

*{{cite book |last=Mumford |first=David |authorlink=David Mumford |year=1999 |title=The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes: Includes the Michigan Lectures (1974) on Curves and Their Jacobians |edition=2nd |publisher=[[Springer-Verlag]] |doi=10.1007/b62130 |isbn=354063293X}}

Using authormask parameter

{{cite book |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |last1=Playfair |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Stitt |first2=Commander G.M.S |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshall S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |year=2004 |origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3 |lastauthoramp=y}}
{{cite book |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |last1=Playfair |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Flynn |first2=Captain F.C. (R.N.) |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshall S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume II: The Germans come to the help of their Ally (1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |year=2004 |origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1956 |isbn=1-845740-66-1 |lastauthoramp=y |authormask=2}}
{{cite book |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |last1=Playfair |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Flynn |first2=Captain F.C. (R.N.) |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Gleave |first4=Group Captain T.P. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=Sir James |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume III: British Fortunes reach their Lowest Ebb (September 1941 to September 1942) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |year=2004 |origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1960 |isbn=1-845740-67-X |lastauthoramp=y |authormask=2}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; Stitt, Commander G.M.S; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer, Air Vice-Marshall S.E. (2004) [1st. pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M (gol,.). Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3.
——; Flynn, Captain F.C. (R.N.); Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer, Air Vice-Marshall S.E. (2004) [1st. pub. HMSO:1956]. Butler, J.R.M (gol,.). The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume II: The Germans come to the help of their Ally (1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-66-1.
——; Flynn, Captain F.C. (R.N.); Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Gleave, Group Captain T.P. (2004) [1st. pub. HMSO:1960]. Butler, Sir James (gol,.). The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume III: British Fortunes reach their Lowest Ebb (September 1941 to September 1942). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-67-X.

Parameters[golygu cod y dudalen]

Syntax[golygu cod y dudalen]

Nested parameters rely on their parent parameters:

  • parent
  • OR: parent2—may be used instead of parent
    • child—may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2—may be used instead of child (and is ignored if parent2 is not used)
Where aliases are listed, only one of the parameters may be defined; if aliased parameters are defined, then only one will show.

This template embeds COinS metadata in the HTML output, allowing reference management software to retrieve bibliographic metadata; see Wikipedia:COinS.

  • Be careful using templates within the citation template, as many will add a lot of extraneous HTML or CSS that will be rendered in the meta-data.
    • Known templates that should not be used: {{smallcaps}}.

By default, sets of fields are terminated with a period (.); this can be an issue when the last field in an abbreviation or initial with a period, as two periods then display. The only solution is to not include the last period in the value for the set of fields.

Description[golygu cod y dudalen]

  • last: Surname of author. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use last to include the same format as the source.
    • first: Given or first names of author, including title(s); for example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use first1, last1 through first9, last9 for up to nine authors. By default, if nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and "et al." will show in place of the last author.
  • authorlink: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author—not the author's website; do not wikilink.
  • OR: for multiple authors, use authorlink1 through authorlink9.
Aliases: last, last1, author, authors; last1, author1 through last9, author9
When using Shortened footnotes or Parenthetical referencing styles with templates, do not use multiple names in one parameter else the anchor will not match the inline link.
  • editor-last: Surname of editor. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use editor-last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: editor1-last, editor, editors.
    • editor-first: Given or first names of editor, including title(s); example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Aliases: editor1-first.
    • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-last, editor1-first through editor4-last, editor4-first for up to four editors.
  • editor-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor—not the editor's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: editor1-link.
  • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-link through editor4-link.
Display:
If authors: Authors are first, followed by the included work, then "In" and the editors, then the main work.
If no authors: Editors appear before the included work; a single editor is followed by "ed."; multiple editors are followed by "eds."; more than three editors will be followed by "et al., eds."

Nodyn:Citation Style documentation/others

  • title: Title of source. Can be wikilinked to an existing Wikipedia article or url may be used to add an external link, but not both. Displays in quotes.
    • trans_title: English translation of the title if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after title; if url is defined, then trans_title is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
Titles containing certain characters will display and link incorrectly unless those characters are encoded.
newline [ ] |
space [ ] |

Nodyn:Citation Style documentation/type

  • edition: When the publication has more than one edition; for example: "2nd", "Revised", and so forth. Appends the string " ed." after the field, so |edition=2nd produces "2nd ed." Does not display if a periodical field is defined.
  • series or version: When the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal where the issue numbering has restarted.

Nodyn:Citation Style documentation/volume

  • date: Full date of source being referenced in the same format as other publication dates in the citations.[1] Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher.
  • OR: year: Year of source being referenced.
    • month: Name of the month of publication. If you also have the day, use date instead; do not wikilink.
    • origyear: Original publication year; displays after the date or year. For clarity, please supply specifics; example: |origyear=First published 1859 or |origyear=Composed 1904.
  1. Publication dates in references within an article should all have the same format. See MOS:DATEUNIFY.
  • publisher: Name of publisher; may be wikilinked if relevant. Not normally included for periodicals. Corporate designations such as "Ltd", "Inc" or "GmbH" are not usually included. Displays after title; if work is defined, then publisher and location are enclosed in parentheses.
  • location: Geographical place of publication; generally not wikilinked; omit when the name of the work includes the location; examples: The Boston Globe, The Times of India. Displays preceding publisher.
  • publication-date: Date of publication when different from the date the work was written. Displays only if year or date are defined and only if different, else publication-date is used and displayed as date. Use the same format as other dates in the article; do not wikilink. Follows publisher; if work is not defined, then publication-date is preceded by "published" and enclosed in parenthesis.
  • language: The language the source is written in, if not English. Displays in parentheses with "in" before the language name. Use the full language name; do not use icons or templates.
  • id: A unique identifier, used where none of the specialized identifiers are applicable; wikilink or use a template as applicable.
  • page: Page in the source that supports the content. Displays preceded with p. unless |nopp=y.
  • OR: pages: Pages in the source that supports the content; separate page ranges with an en dash (–); separate non-sequential pages with a comma (,); do not use to indicate the total number of pages in the source. Displays preceded with pp. unless |nopp=y.
    • nopp: Set to y to suppress the p. or pp. notations where this is inappropriate; for example, where |page=Front cover.
  • OR: at: For sources where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient. Overridden by |page= or |pages=.
Examples: page (p.) or pages (pp.); section (sec.), column (col.), paragraph (para.); track; hours, minutes and seconds; act, scene, canto, book, part, folio, stanza, back cover, liner notes, indicia, colophon, dust jacket, verse.
  • chapter: The chapter heading of the source. May be wikilinked or may use chapter-url, but not both. Displays in quotes.
    • script-chapter: Chapter heading for languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc); follows transliteration defined in chapter. Should be prefixed with an ISO 639-1 two-character code to help browsers properly display the script:
      ... |chapter=Tōkyō tawā |script-chapter=ja:東京タワー |trans-chapter=Tokyo Tower ...
    • trans-chapter: English translation of the chapter heading, if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after the chapter field; if chapter-url is defined, then trans-chapter is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
  • url: URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found. Cannot be used if title is wikilinked. If applicable, the link may point to the specific page(s) referenced. Do not link to any commercial booksellers such as Amazon.com; see WP:PAGELINKS.
    • accessdate: Full date when URL was accessed; use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations;[1] do not wikilink. Can be hidden by registered editors.
    • archiveurl: The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the url becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite and the Internet Archive; requires archivedate.
      • archivedate: Date when the item was archived; use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations;[1] do not wikilink. Displays preceded by "archived from the original on".
      • deadurl: When the URL is still live, but preemptively archived, then set |deadurl=no. This changes the display order with the title retaining the original link and the archive linked at the end.
    • template doc demo: The archive parameters have error checking to ensure that all the required parameters are included, else {{citation error}} is invoked. On errors, main, help and template pages are placed into Category:Articles with incorrect citation syntax. Set |template doc demo=true to disable categorization; mainly used for documentation where the error is demonstrated.
  • format: Format of the work referred to by url; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; HTML is implied and should not be specified; displayed in parentheses after title. Does not change external link icon.
URLs must begin with a supported URI scheme: http:// and https:// will be supported by all browsers; irc://, ircs://, ftp://, news:, mailto: and gopher:// will require a plugin or an external application and should normally be avoided. IPv6 host-names are currently not supported.
If URLs in citation template parameters contain certain characters they will display and link incorrectly. Those characters need to be percent-encoded. For example, a space must be replaced by %20. To encode the URL, replace these characters:
sp " ' < > [ ] | }
%20 %22 %27 %3c %3e %5b %5d %7c %7d
Single apostrophes do not need to be encoded; but unencoded multiples will be parsed as italic or bold markup. Single curly closing braces also do not need to be encoded; but an unencoded pair will be parsed as the double closing braces for the template transclusion.
  1. 1.0 1.1 Access and archive dates in references should all have the same format – either the format used for publication dates, or YYYY-MM-DD. See MOS:DATEUNIFY.
  • quote: Relevant text quoted from the source. Displays enclosed in quotes. When supplied, the citation terminator (a period by default) is suppressed, so the quote needs to include terminating punctuation.
  • laysummary: URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; the URL title is set to "Lay summary".
    • laysource: Name of the source of the laysummary. Displays in italics and preceded by an endash.
    • laydate: Date of the summary. Displays in parentheses.
  • author-mask: Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text. Set author-mask to a numeric value to set the dash in em spaces; set author-mask to a text value to display a word instead; for example, "with". You must still include the values for all authors for metadata purposes. Primarily intended for use in bibliographies for some styles where multiple works by a single author are listed. Do not use in a list generated by {{reflist}}, <references /> or similar as there is no control as to the order that references will display.
  • author-name-separator: Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space (, ); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.
  • author-separator: Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space (; ); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.
  • display-authors: By default, the number of authors displayed is limited to 8; if 9 are provided, the ninth is displayed as "et al." This parameter allows display of fewer authors before the "et al."; for example, use |display-authors=2 for only two authors. The "et al." may be suppressed altogether by setting |display-authors=9.
  • lastauthoramp: When set to any value, changes the separator to use between the last two names in lists of authors to an ampersand (&); defaults to a semicolon and space (; ), else author-separator if set.
  • postscript: The closing punctuation for the citation; defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present, but blank, no terminating punctuation will be used. Ignored if quote is defined.
  • separator: The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc. Defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.

TemplateData[golygu cod y dudalen]

This template formats a citation to a book using the provided bibliographic information (such as author and title) as well as various formatting options.

Paramedrau'r nodyn

This template prefers inline formatting of parameters.

ParamedrDisgrifiadMathStatws
URLurl URL

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found. Requires schemes of the type "http://..." or maybe even the  protocol relative scheme "//..."

Example
https://www.nytimes.com/...
Stringdewisol
Teitltitle

The title of the book; displays in italics

Stringangenrheidiol
Last namelast last1 author author1 author1-last author-last surname1 author-last1 subject1 surname author-last subject

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Stringsuggested
First namefirst given author-first first1 given1 author-first1 author1-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Stringsuggested
Last name 2last2 author2 surname2 author-last2 author2-last subject2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Stringdewisol
First name 2first2 given2 author-first2 author2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Stringdewisol
Last name 3last3 author3 surname3 author-last3 author3-last subject3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

Stringdewisol
First name 3first3 given3 author-first3 author3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

Stringdewisol
Last name 4last4 author4 surname4 author-last4 author4-last subject4

The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

Stringdewisol
First name 4first4 given4 author-first4 author4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink.

Stringdewisol
Last name 5last5 author5 surname5 author-last5 author5-last subject5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

Stringdewisol
First name 5first5 given5 author-first5 author5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

Stringdewisol
Last name 6last6 author6 surname6 author-last6 author6-last subject6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

Stringdewisol
First name 6first6 given6 author-first6 author6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

Stringdewisol
Last name 7last7 author7 surname7 author-last7 author7-last subject7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

Stringdewisol
First name 7first7 given7 author-first7 author7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

Stringdewisol
Last name 8last8 author8 surname8 author-last8 author8-last subject8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

Stringdewisol
First name 8first8 given8 author-first8 author8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

Stringdewisol
Last name 9last9 author9 surname9 author-last9 author9-last subject9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

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First name 9first9 given9 author-first9 author9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

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Datedate air-date airdate

Full date of the source; do not wikilink

Datedewisol
Publisherpublisher distributor institution newsgroup

Name of the publisher; displays after title

Stringsuggested
Othersothers

Used to record other contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

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Year of publicationyear

Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

Stringsuggested
ISBNisbn ISBN13 isbn13 ISBN

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

Stringsuggested
Editor last nameeditor-last editor editor-surname editor-last1 editor-surname1 editor1 editor1-last editor1-surname

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

Unknowndewisol
Editor first nameeditor-first editor-given editor-first1 editor-given1 editor1-first editor1-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

Unknowndewisol
Link for editoreditor-link editorlink editor-link1 editor1-link editorlink1 editor1link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor

Pagedewisol
Editionedition

When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed by ' ed.'

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Series identifierseries version

Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

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Volumevolume

For one publication published in several volumes

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Location of publicationlocation place

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place

Stringsuggested
Publication datepublication-date publicationdate

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

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Pagepage p

The number of a single page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'; use either page= or pages=, but not both

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Page(s) citedpages pp

A range of pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source); displays after 'pp.'; use either page= or pages=, but not both

Stringsuggested
No ppnopp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

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Atat

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

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Languagelanguage in

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

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Translated titletrans-title trans_title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

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Chapterchapter contribution entry article section

The chapter heading of the source; may be wikilinked or with 'chapterurl' but not both. For the contribution alias, see contributor-last

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Translated chaptertrans-chapter trans_chapter

An English language chapter heading, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

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Typetype medium

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

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Formatformat

Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

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arXiv identifierarxiv ARXIV eprint

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

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ASINasin ASIN

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

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ASIN TLDasin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

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Bibcodebibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

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DOIdoi DOI

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

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ISSNissn ISSN

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

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jfm codejfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

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JSTORjstor JSTOR

JSTOR identifier

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LCCNlccn LCCN

Library of Congress Control Number

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MRmr MR

Mathematical Reviews identifier

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OCLCoclc OCLC

Online Computer Library Center number

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OLol OL

Open Library identifier; do not include "OL" at beginning of identifier

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OSTIosti OSTI

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

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PMCpmc

PubMed Center article number

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PMIDpmid PMID

PubMed Unique Identifier

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RFCrfc

Request for Comments number

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SSRNssrn

Social Science Research Network

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Zblzbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

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idid ID

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

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Quotequote quotation

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

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Refref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv and sfn templates

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Modemode

Sets separator and terminal punctuation to the style named in the assigned value; allowable values are: 'cs1' or 'cs2'

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Postscriptpostscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined; to suppress use reserved keyword 'none'

Yn ddiofyn
.
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Author maskauthor-mask authormask authormask1 author1-mask author-mask1 author1mask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

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Author mask 2author-mask2 authormask2 author2-mask author2mask

Replaces the name of the second author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringdewisol
Author mask 3author-mask3 authormask3 author3-mask author3mask

Replaces the name of the third author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

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Author mask 4author-mask4 authormask4 author4-mask author4mask

Replaces the name of the fourth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

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Author mask 5author-mask5 authormask5 author5-mask author5mask

Replaces the name of the fifth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

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Author mask 6author-mask6 authormask6 author6-mask author6mask

Replaces the name of the sixth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

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Author mask 7author-mask7 authormask7 author7-mask author7mask

Replaces the name of the seventh author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

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Author mask 8author-mask8 authormask8 author8-mask author8mask

Replaces the name of the eighth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

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Author mask 9author-mask9 authormask9 author9-mask author9mask

Replaces the name of the ninth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

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Display authorsdisplay-authors displayauthors

number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used

Numberdewisol
Author linkauthor-link authorlink subjectlink subject-link authorlink1 author-link1 author1-link subjectlink1 author1link subject-link1 subject1-link subject1link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Pagedewisol
Author link 2author-link2 authorlink2 author2-link subjectlink2 author2link subject-link2 subject2-link subject2link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Pagedewisol
Author link 3author-link3 authorlink3 author3-link subjectlink3 author3link subject-link3 subject3-link subject3link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

Pagedewisol
Author link 4author-link4 authorlink4 author4-link subjectlink4 author4link subject-link4 subject4-link subject4link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth author.

Pagedewisol
Author link 5author-link5 authorlink5 author5-link subjectlink5 author5link subject-link5 subject5-link subject5link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

Pagedewisol
Author link 6author-link6 authorlink6 author6-link subjectlink6 author6link subject-link6 subject6-link subject6link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

Pagedewisol
Author link 7author-link7 authorlink7 author7-link subjectlink7 author7link subject-link7 subject7-link subject7link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

Pagedewisol
Author link 8author-link8 authorlink8 author8-link subjectlink8 author8link subject-link8 subject8-link subject8link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

Pagedewisol
Author link 9author-link9 authorlink9 author9-link subjectlink9 author9link subject-link9 subject9-link subject9link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

Pagedewisol
URL access dateaccess-date accessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

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Original yearorig-year origyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

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Last name of second editoreditor-last2 editor-surname2 editor2 editor2-last editor2-surname

The surname of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'

Stringdewisol
First name of second editoreditor-first2 editor-given2 editor2-first editor2-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'

Stringdewisol
Link for second editoreditor-link2 editor2-link editorlink2 editor2link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second editor

Pagedewisol
Mask for second editoreditor-mask2 editormask2 editor2-mask editor2mask

Replaces the name of the second editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

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Last name of third editoreditor-last3 editor-surname3 editor3 editor3-last editor3-surname

The surname of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'

Stringdewisol
First name of third editoreditor-first3 editor-given3 editor3-first editor3-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'

Stringdewisol
Link for third editoreditor-link3 editor3-link editorlink3 editor3link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third editor

Pagedewisol
Mask for third editoreditor-mask3 editormask3 editor3-mask editor3mask

Replaces the name of the third editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringdewisol
Last name of fourth editoreditor-last4 editor-surname4 editor4 editor4-last editor4-surname

The surname of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'

Stringdewisol
First name of fourth editoreditor-first4 editor-given4 editor4-first editor4-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'

Stringdewisol
Link for fourth editoreditor-link4 editor4-link editorlink4 editor4link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth editor

Pagedewisol
Mask for fourth editoreditor-mask4 editormask4 editor4-mask editor4mask

Replaces the name of the fourth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringdewisol
Coauthorscoauthors

Coauthors

Stringanghymeradwyedig
Script Chapterscript-chapter

Chapter heading for languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc); follows transliteration defined in chapter. Should be prefixed with an ISO 639-1 two-character code to help browsers properly display the script

Example
ja:東京タワー
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Testing[golygu cod y dudalen]

See Template:cite book/regression tests.

This template produces COinS metadata; see COinS in Wikipedia for background information. cy:Nodyn:Dyf llyfr