Wicipedia:IPA for Italian

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Dengys y siart isod y dull mae'r International Phonetic Alphabet (neu'r IPA)]] yn dynodi'r Eidaleg mewn erthyglau Wicipedia.


Cytseiniaid
IPA Engreifftiau Cymraeg
ynganiad: [b] banca; cibo beic
ynganiad: [d] dove; idra duw
ynganiad: [dz] zaino; zelare; mezzo dads
ynganiad: [] giungla; magia; fingere; pagina jab
ynganiad: [f] fatto; fosforo ffon
ynganiad: [ɡ] gatto; agro; glifo; ghetto gas
ynganiad: [k] cavolo; acuto; anche; quei; kaiser car
ynganiad: [l] lato; lievemente; pala lori
ynganiad: [ʎ] gli; glielo; maglia bron fel: miliwn
ynganiad: [m] mano; amare; campo; anfibio mymi
ynganiad: [n] nano; punto; pensare nyth
ynganiad: [ŋ] fango; unghia; panchina; dunque [1] cangen
ynganiad: [ɲ] gnocco; ogni[2] roughly like llyniau
ynganiad: [p] primo; ampio; copertura capel
ynganiad: [r] Roma; quattro; morte trilled r
ynganiad: [s] sano; scatola; presentire; pasto sorry
ynganiad: [ʃ] scena; sciame; pesci[2] ship
ynganiad: [t] tranne; mito; alto star
ynganiad: [ts] zozzo; canzone; marzo cats
ynganiad: [] Cennini; cinque; ciao; farmacia chip
ynganiad: [v] vado; povero; watt vent
ynganiad: [z] sbavare; presentare; asma zipper
Semivowels
ynganiad: [j] ieri; scoiattolo; più; Jesi; yacht you
ynganiad: [w] uovo; fuoco; qui; week-end wine
Vowels[3][4]
IPA Examples English approximation
ynganiad: [a] alto; sarà father
ynganiad: [e] vero; perché pay
ynganiad: [ɛ] elica; cioè bed
ynganiad: [i] imposta; colibrì; zie see
ynganiad: [o] ombra; come sole (for some dialects)
ynganiad: [ɔ] otto; posso; sarò law
ynganiad: [u] ultimo; caucciù; tuo too
 
Suprasegmentals
IPA Examples English approximation
ynganiad: [ˈ] Cennini ynganiad: [[tʃenˈniːni]] bottle
ynganiad: [ˌ] lievemente ynganiad: [[ˌljeveˈmente]] intonation
ynganiad: [.] tuo ynganiad: [[ˈtu.o]] moai
ynganiad: [ː] primo ynganiad: [[ˈpriːmo]] long vowel[5]

Cyfeiriadau[golygu cod y dudalen]

  1. Gwall cyfeirio: Tag <ref> annilys; ni osodwyd unrhyw destun ar gyfer y 'ref' nasal
  2. 2.0 2.1 Gwall cyfeirio: Tag <ref> annilys; ni osodwyd unrhyw destun ar gyfer y 'ref' geminated
  3. Italian contrasts seven stressed monophthongs. In unstressed syllables, mid vowels occur in complementary distribution; with open-mid vowels [ynganiad: [ɛ] ynganiad: [ɔ]] appearing before sonorants (e.g. copertura ynganiad: [[kopɛrˈtura]]), and close-mid vowels [ynganiad: [e] ynganiad: [o]] found elsewhere (e.g. posso ynganiad: [[ˈpɔsso]]). Open and close vowels [ynganiad: [a] ynganiad: [i] ynganiad: [u]] stay unchanged in unstressed syllables, though utterance-final unstress ynganiad: [[i]] may become an approximant Nodyn:IPAblink before vowels in a process known as synalepha (syllable merging), e.g. pari età ynganiad: [[ˌparjeˈta]].
  4. In addition to the pure vowels, there are diphthongs ending in Nodyn:IPAblink and Nodyn:IPAblink:
    • ynganiad: [[ai]] as in baita ('mountain hut')
    • ynganiad: [[ei]] as in potei ('could 1.sg.')
    • ynganiad: [[ɛi]] as in sei ('six')
    • ynganiad: [[oi]] as in voi ('you pl.')
    • ynganiad: [[ɔi]] as in poi ('later')
    • ynganiad: [[ui]] as in lui ('he')
    • ynganiad: [[au]] as in auto ('car')
    • ynganiad: [[eu]] as in pleurite ('pleuritis')
    • ynganiad: [[ɛu]] as in neutro ('neuter')
  5. Stressed vowels are long when in a non-final open syllable: fato ynganiad: [[ˈfaːto]] ~ fatto ynganiad: [[ˈfatto]].