Wicipedia:IPA for Italian

Oddi ar Wicipedia
(Ailgyfeiriad oddi wrth WP:IPA for Italian)
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Dengys y siart isod y dull mae'r International Phonetic Alphabet (neu'r IPA)]] yn dynodi'r Eidaleg mewn erthyglau Wicipedia.


Cytseiniaid
IPA Engreifftiau Cymraeg
b banca; cibo beic
d dove; idra duw
dz zaino; zelare; mezzo dads
giungla; magia; fingere; pagina jab
f fatto; fosforo ffon
ɡ gatto; agro; glifo; ghetto gas
k cavolo; acuto; anche; quei; kaiser car
l lato; lievemente; pala lori
ʎ gli; glielo; maglia bron fel: miliwn
m mano; amare; campo; anfibio mymi
n nano; punto; pensare nyth
ŋ fango; unghia; panchina; dunque [1] cangen
ɲ gnocco; ogni[2] roughly like llyniau
p primo; ampio; copertura capel
r Roma; quattro; morte trilled r
s sano; scatola; presentire; pasto sorry
ʃ scena; sciame; pesci[2] ship
t tranne; mito; alto star
ts zozzo; canzone; marzo cats
Cennini; cinque; ciao; farmacia chip
v vado; povero; watt vent
z sbavare; presentare; asma zipper
Semivowels
j ieri; scoiattolo; più; Jesi; yacht you
w uovo; fuoco; qui; week-end wine
Vowels[3][4]
IPA Examples English approximation
a alto; sarà father
e vero; perché pay
ɛ elica; cioè bed
i imposta; colibrì; zie see
o ombra; come sole (for some dialects)
ɔ otto; posso; sarò law
u ultimo; caucciù; tuo too
 
Suprasegmentals
IPA Examples English approximation
ˈ Cennini

[tʃenˈniːni]

bottle
ˌ lievemente

[ˌljeveˈmente]

intonation

.

tuo

[ˈtu.o]

moai
ː primo

[ˈpriːmo]

long vowel[5]

Cyfeiriadau[golygu cod y dudalen]

  1. Gwall cyfeirio: Tag <ref> annilys; ni osodwyd unrhyw destun ar gyfer y 'ref' nasal
  2. 2.0 2.1 Gwall cyfeirio: Tag <ref> annilys; ni osodwyd unrhyw destun ar gyfer y 'ref' geminated
  3. Italian contrasts seven stressed monophthongs. In unstressed syllables, mid vowels occur in complementary distribution; with open-mid vowels [ɛ ɔ] appearing before sonorants (e.g. copertura [kopɛrˈtura]), and close-mid vowels [e o] found elsewhere (e.g. posso [ˈpɔsso]). Open and close vowels [a i u] stay unchanged in unstressed syllables, though utterance-final unstress [i] may become an approximant Nodyn:IPAblink before vowels in a process known as synalepha (syllable merging), e.g. pari età [ˌparjeˈta].
  4. In addition to the pure vowels, there are diphthongs ending in Nodyn:IPAblink and Nodyn:IPAblink:
    [ai] as in baita ('mountain hut')
    [ei] as in potei ('could 1.sg.')
    [ɛi] as in sei ('six')
    [oi] as in voi ('you pl.')
    [ɔi] as in poi ('later')
    [ui] as in lui ('he')
    [au] as in auto ('car')
    [eu] as in pleurite ('pleuritis')
    [ɛu] as in neutro ('neuter')
  5. Stressed vowels are long when in a non-final open syllable: fato [ˈfaːto] ~ fatto [ˈfatto].