Calendr arbennig sy'n cael ei ddefnyddio i gyfri'r dyddiau tan y Nadolig yw'r calendr Adfent. Gan fod dyddiad Sul cyntaf yr Adfent yn amrywio rhwng Tachwedd 27 a Rhagfyr 3, mae'r rhan fwyaf o galendrau Adfent yn dechrau ar Rhagfyr 1, ond mae'r rhai sy'n ar gyfer blynyddoedd penodol weithiau yn cynnwys dyddiau olaf Tachwedd fel rhan o'r tymor litwrgaidd. Cafodd y calendr Adfent ei ddefnyddio gyntaf gan Lutheriaid Almaenig yn y 19g a'r 20g.
Mae calendrau Adfent traddodiadol yn cyflwyno stori'r Geni, ond mae'r ffurf bellach wedi'i datblygu fel bod rhai i'w cael ar nifer o wahanol themau (e.e. cyfresi teledu plant). Mae rhai sydd â lluniau yn unig y tu ôl i'r drysau, ac eraill yn cynnwys danteithion neu roddion bychain; rhai i'w defnyddio unwaith ac eraill i'w hailddefnyddio o flwyddyn i flwyddyn.
Cyfeiriadau[golygu | golygu cod y dudalen]
- Penney, Sue (1999). Christianity (in English). Heinemann. p. 38. ISBN 9780435304775.
In Advent, Christians use special candles and calendars. Advent candles have marks to show the days until Christmas. The candle is lit each day until it burns down to the next mark. Advent calendars have little doors to open, one for each day. Behind each door is a picture. Candles and calendars like this help to remind people that Christmas is coming closer.CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)
- "Online Advent calendar created by the world" (yn English). Anglican Communion News Service. November 17, 2016. Archifwyd o'r gwreiddiol ar December 20, 2016. http://www.anglicannews.org/news/2016/11/online-advent-calendar-created-by-the-world.aspx. "] Christians across the world are being invited to celebrate the season of Advent through an interactive, multi-lingual online calendar. The website adventword.org goes live on Advent Sunday (27 November) in nine languages including, for the first time, Arabic. It allows people around the globe to create together an advent calendar with images shared by their mobile phones. Advent, which runs from Sunday 27 November to Christmas Eve, is the season when Christians prepare to celebrate the birth of Jesus. It is traditionally marked with the putting up of an Advent calendar to count down the days. The calendars have daily windows which are opened to reveal images, small chocolates or other gifts."
- Mac Donald, Sarah (November 26, 2014). "Primate launches online calendar for Advent" (yn English). Catholic Ireland. Archifwyd o'r gwreiddiol ar April 26, 2016. http://www.catholicireland.net/advent-calendar/. "The Primate of All Ireland, Archbishop Eamon Martin, on Tuesday launched a specially commissioned 2014 Advent calendar to coincide with the beginning of Advent on Sunday 30 November. The online calendar can be found on the Irish Catholic bishops' website www.catholicbishops.ie. This year's calendar also incorporates a new feature in the form of an audio 'Thought for Today'. In a statement, the Archbishop said "Each day of Advent amounts to a period of time which allows us to journey and reflect on 'the joy of the Gospel." “As Advent is the season of preparation for the coming of our Lord, I encourage the faithful, notwithstanding our hectic schedule over the coming weeks, to make time to pray – alone and with loved ones – and by so doing to draw nearer to Christ," Archbishop Martin encouraged. The first door on the Advent Calendar will open on Sunday next 30 November and each subsequent day after that."
- Mills, T.J. (May 10, 2010). The Twelve Blessings of Christmas. Thomas Nelson Inc. p. 54. ISBN 9780529124319.
The Advent calendar was first used by Lutherans in the early 19th century. Early printed Advent calendars had Bible verses behind little cardboard doors.Check date values in:
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- Gassmann, Günther; Larson, Duane H.; Oldenburg, Mark W. (April 4, 2001). Historical Dictionary of Lutheranism. Scarecrow Press. p. 87. ISBN 9780810866201.
The periods of Advent and Christmas have been especially dear to Lutherans and have provided ground for the creation and observation of customs: the rich tradition of hymn singing and church music, the Advent wreath as a sign of Christ's victory, the Advent calendar with its "windows," candles symbolizing new light in darkness, the varieties of Advent and Christmas cookies (gingerbread, fruit loaf, and so on) with several spices (originally seven, the holy number), the Christmas tree with glittering decoration and self-made figures and symbols as a reminder of the gold and treasures that the three wise men brought to the Christ Child, the cribs and tableaus within and out front of the churches and houses, and the greeting of Christmas morning by hymns and carols blown by trumpets and trombones from church towers.Check date values in:
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