Anhwylder cydsymud datblygiadol

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Anhwylder niwrolegol cronig sy'n dechrau mew plentyndod yw anhwylder cydsymud datblygiadol,[1][2][3][4][5] hefyd yn cael ei adnabod fel dyspracsia datblygiadol neu dyspracsia.[6][7][8][9] Mae'n effeithio ar symud a chydsymud corfforol wrth i negeseuon yr ymenydd beidio a chael eu trosglwyddo'n gywir i'r corff.[10] 

Mae'r anhwylder yn cael ei diagnosio ar ôl cadarnhau nad oes anhwylderau neu glefydau eraill gan y claf, fel parlys yr ymenydd,[11] nychdod cyhyrol, sclerosis ymledol , neu glefyd Parkinson. Yn ôl CanChild yng Nghanada, mae'r anhwylder hwn yn effeithio ar 5 i 6 y cant o plant oedran ysgol yno;[12] ond mae'r anhwylder hwn yn datblygu wrth symud gydag oed, ac felly yn gyflwr gydol oes.[13] 

Gall amryw agweddau o ddatblygiad gael eu heffeithio gan anhwylder cydsymud datblygiadol, ac nid oes gwellhad ohono. Mae hefyd yn gallu effeithio ar y cof yn ogystal ag achosi diffygion corfforol a phroblemau gyda'r lleferydd. Er hynny, mae gan nifer o bobl sy'n byw gyda'r anhwylder gof tymor-hir rhagorol.

Cyfeirnodau[golygu | golygu cod y dudalen]

  1. "An International Consensus on Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder". Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy 62 (1): 3–6. 1995. doi:10.1177/000841749506200101.
  2. "Developmental coordination disorder". Physical Therapy 83 (8): 722–31. August 2003. PMID 12882613. http://ptjournal.apta.org/content/83/8/722.long.
  3. "Consensus Statements". CanChild. 
  4. "European Academy for Childhood Disability (EACD): recommendations on the definition, diagnosis and intervention of developmental coordination disorder (long version)". Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 54 (1): 54–93. January 2012. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8749.2011.04171.x. PMID 22171930.
  5. "Developmental coordination disorder: a review and update". European Journal of Paediatric Neurology 16 (6): 573–81. November 2012. doi:10.1016/j.ejpn.2012.05.005. PMID 22705270.
  6. "Toward an understanding of developmental coordination disorder: terminological and diagnostic issues". Neural Plasticity 10 (1-2): 1–13. 2003. doi:10.1155/NP.2003.1. PMC 2565424. PMID 14640303. http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2565424.
  7. "Dyspraxia or developmental coordination disorder? Unravelling the enigma". Archives of Disease in Childhood 92 (6): 534–9. June 2007. doi:10.1136/adc.2005.088054. PMC 2066137. PMID 17515623. http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2066137.
  8. "Terminology used in research reports of developmental coordination disorder". Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 48 (11): 937–41. November 2006. doi:10.1017/S0012162206002040. PMID 17044965.
  9. "The development and standardization of the Adult Developmental Co-ordination Disorders/Dyspraxia Checklist (ADC)". Research in Developmental Disabilities 31 (1): 131–9. 2010. doi:10.1016/j.ridd.2009.08.010. PMID 19819107.
  10. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. DSM Library. American Psychiatric Association. 2013-05-22. ISBN 0890425558. doi:10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596.dsm01. 
  11. "Developmental Coordination Disorder and cerebral palsy: categories or a continuum?". Human Movement Science 29 (5): 787–98. October 2010. doi:10.1016/j.humov.2010.04.006. PMID 20594606.
  12. "Developmental Coordination Disorder". CanChild (2016-02). 
  13. Evans, Simon. "Dyspraxia Web Links". www.senteacher.org (in Saesneg). Adalwyd 2018-03-31.