O Fortuna

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Cerdd ganoloesol Ladin ydy "O Fortuna", a ysgrifennwyd yn y 13g. Mae hi'n rhan o'r casgliad a adnabyddir fel y Carmina Burana. Cwyn am Fortuna ydy'r gerdd, y dynged ddidostur sy'n rheoli dros yr holl ddynion a duwiau ym mytholeg Rufeinig a Groeg.

Yn 1935-36, ysgrifennwyd cerddoriaeth am y gerdd gan gyfansoddwr Almaeneg Carl Orff fel rhan o "Fortuna Imperatrix Mundi", mudiad agoriadol ei gantata Carmina Burana. Mae perfformiad yn para am tua dwy funud a hanner.

Y gerdd[golygu | golygu cod y dudalen]

Trafferth chwarae'r ffeil hon? Gweler yr Adran Gymorth.
 Y chwech llinellau olaf ydy'r gerdd hon.

O Fortuna
velut luna
statu variabilis,
semper crescis
aut decrescis;
vita detestabilis
nunc obdurat
et tunc curat
ludo mentis aciem,
egestatem,
potestatem
dissolvit ut glaciem.

Sors immanis
et inanis,
rota tu volubilis,
status malus,
vana salus
semper dissolubilis,
obumbrata
et velata
michi quoque niteris;
nunc per ludum
dorsum nudum
fero tui sceleris.

Sors salutis
et virtutis
michi nunc contraria,
est affectus
et defectus
semper in angaria.
Hac in hora
sine mora
corde pulsum tangite;
quod per sortem
sternit fortem,
mecum omnes plangite!

O Fortune,
like the moon
you are changeable,
ever waxing
or waning;
hateful life
first oppresses
and then soothes
as fancy takes it;
poverty
and power
it melts them like ice.

Fate – monstrous
and empty,
you whirling wheel,
you are malevolent,
well-being is vain
and always fades to nothing,
shadowed
and veiled
you plague me too;
now through the game
I bring my bare back
to your villainy.

Fate is against me
in health
and virtue,
driven on
and weighted down,
always enslaved.
So at this hour
without delay
pluck the vibrating strings;
since Fate
strikes down the strong man,
everyone weep with me![1]

O Fortuna
velut luna
statu variabilis,
semper crescis
aut decrescis;
vita detestabilis
nunc obdurat
et tunc curat
ludo mentis aciem,
egestatem,
potestatem
dissolvit ut glaciem.

Sors immanis
et inanis,
rota tu volubilis,
status malus,
vana salus
semper dissolubilis,
obumbrata
et velata
michi quoque niteris;
nunc per ludum
dorsum nudum
fero tui sceleris.

Sors salutis
et virtutis
michi nunc contraria,
est affectus
et defectus
semper in angaria.
Hac in hora
sine mora
corde pulsum tangite;
quod per sortem
sternit fortem,
mecum omnes plangite!

O Fortune,
like the moon
you are changeable,
ever waxing
or waning;
hateful life
first oppresses
and then soothes
as fancy takes it;
poverty
and power
it melts them like ice.

Fate – monstrous
and empty,
you whirling wheel,
you are malevolent,
well-being is vain
and always fades to nothing,
shadowed
and veiled
you plague me too;
now through the game
I bring my bare back
to your villainy.

Fate is against me
in health
and virtue,
driven on
and weighted down,
always enslaved.
So at this hour
without delay
pluck the vibrating strings;
since Fate
strikes down the strong man,
everyone weep with me![1]

  1. ^ Orff's Carmina Burana lyrics, original and English translation side-by-side

Gweler hefyd[golygu | golygu cod y dudalen]

  • O Fortuna gan Carl Orff mewn diwylliant poblogaidd

Cyfeiriadau[golygu | golygu cod y dudalen]

Dolenni allanol[golygu | golygu cod y dudalen]

  • "O Fortuna", at David Parlett's translation of the Carmina Burana