Goleuadau Nadolig

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Goleuadau Nadolig siapau ceirw y tu allan i Gastell Caerdydd

Goleuadau sy'n cael eu defnyddio fel addurniadau i ddathlu'r Nadolig yw goleuadau Nadolig. Mae nhw fel arfer yn cael eu harddangos yn nhymor y Nadolig a'r Adfent. Mae'r arferiad yn dyddio yn ôl i'r adeg pan fyddai coed Nadolig yn cael eu haddurno â channwyllau i symboleiddio Crist fel goleuni'r byd;[1] daeth Cristnogion â rhain i'w cartrefi gyntaf yn yr Almaen yn y cyfnod modern cynnar.[2][3]

Roedd coed Nadolig yn cael eu harddangos yn gyhoeddus a dechreuodd eu haddurno â goleuadau trydan ddod yn boblogaidd ar ddechrau'r 20g. Erbyn canol y 20g, roedd yn arferol i roi goleuadau trydan ar hyd strydoedd ac ar adeiladau, yn arbennig yn yr Unol Daleithiau. Erbyn diwedd y 20g, roedd yr arferiad i'w weld mewn gwledydd eraill hefyd, gan gynnwys y tu hwnt i'r byd Gorllewinol, yn JapanHong Cong. [4]

Arferion Codi[golygu | golygu cod y dudalen]

Mewn nifer o wledydd, mae goleuadau Nadolig, ynghyd ag addurniadau Nadolig, yn cael eu rhoi i fyny ar neu o gwmpas diwrnod cyntaf yr Adfent.[5][6] Yn y byd Gorllewinol, y ddau ddiwrnod y bydd goleuadau Nadolig fel arfer yn cael eu tynnu i lawr yw Nos Ystwyll a Gŵyl Fair y Canhwyllau.[7] Mae yna gred bod gadael yr addurniadau i fyny y tu hwnt i Ŵyl Fair y Canhwyllau yn ddrwgargoelus.[8]

Cyfeirnodau[golygu | golygu cod y dudalen]

  1. Felix, Antonia (1999). Christmas in America. Courage Books. ISBN 9780762405947n Check |isbn= value: invalid character (help). Adalwyd 27 Ionawr 2017. German families brought a small tree into the home at Christmas time as a symbol of the Christ child, and decorated the boughs with cutout paper flowers, bright foil, apples, sweets, and other fancy treats. Another feature of Christmas that took a uniquely American turn in the nineteenth century is the tradition of Christmas lights. Candles were traditionally placed on the Christmas tree to symbolize Jesus as the light of the world.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  2. "History of Christmas Trees". History. 2015. http://www.history.com/topics/christmas/history-of-christmas-trees. "Germany is credited with starting the Christmas tree tradition as we now know it in the 16th century when devout Christians brought decorated trees into their homes. Some built Christmas pyramids of wood and decorated them with evergreens and candles if wood was scarce. It is a widely held belief that Martin Luther, the 16th-century Protestant reformer, first added lighted candles to a tree."
  3. North Dakota Outdoors, Volumes 27-28. State Game and Fish Department of North Dakota. 1964. p. lvii. The first person to put candles on a Christmas tree was the 16th century German theologian Martin Luther. 
  4. Dohmen, Christoph (2000). No Trace of Christmas?: Discovering Advent in the Old Testament. Liturgical Press. p. 62. ISBN 9780814627150. Christmas lights remind us Christians of Jesus, the light of the world, who causes God's love to shine forth for all humanity. 
  5. Michelin (10 Hydref 2012). Germany Green Guide Michelin 2012-2013. Michelin. p. 73. ISBN 9782067182110. Advent - The four weeks before Christmas are celebrated by counting down the days with an advent calendar, hanging up Christmas decorations and lightning an additional candle every Sunday on the four-candle advent wreath. 
  6. Normark, Helena (1997). "Modern Christmas". Graphic Garden. http://www.graphicgarden.com/files17/eng/sweden/xmas2e.php. "Christmas in Sweden starts with Advent, which is the await for the arrival of Jesus. The symbol for it is the Advent candlestick with four candles in it, and we light one more candle for each of the four Sundays before Christmas. Most people start putting up the Christmas decorations on the first of Advent."
  7. "Candlemas". British Broadcasting Corporation. http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/christianity/holydays/candlemas.shtml. "Any Christmas decorations not taken down by Twelfth Night (January 5th) should be left up until Candlemas Day and then taken down."
  8. Raedisch, Linda (1 Hydref 2013). The Old Magic of Christmas: Yuletide Traditions for the Darkest Days of the Year. Llewellyn Publications. p. 161. ISBN 9780738734507. Adalwyd 9 April 2014.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)Check date values in: |access-date=, |date=