Y gwahaniaeth rhwng diwygiadau o "Hong Cong"

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Ychwanegwyd 139 beit ,  3 blynedd yn ôl
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Dan yr egwyddor "[[un wlad, dwy system]]", mae gan Hong Cong system wleidyddol wahanol i [[tir mawr Tsieina|dir mawr Tsieina]].<ref>{{cite book|last=So|first=Dudley L.|last2=Lin|first2=Nan|last3=Poston|year=2001|title=The Chinese Triangle of Mainland China, Taiwan and Hong Kong|publisher=[[Greenwood Publishing]]|pages=13–29|isbn=0-313-30869-1}}</ref> Gweithreda [[barnwriaeth annibynnol]] Hong Cong dan fframwaith [[y gyfraith gyffredin]].<ref name="BasicLawC4S4">{{cite web|url=http://www.basiclaw.gov.hk/en/basiclawtext/chapter_4.html#section_4|title=Basic Law, Chapter IV, Section 4|publisher=Basic Law Promotion Steering Committee|accessdate=10 November 2009}}</ref><ref name="RusellP">{{cite book|last=Russell|first=Peter H.|first2=David M.|last2=O'Brien|title=Judicial Independence in the Age of Democracy: Critical Perspectives from around the World|year=2001|publisher=[[University of Virginia Press]]|isbn=978-0-8139-2016-0|page=306}}</ref> Llywodraethir y system wleidyddol gan [[Cyfraith Sylfaenol Hong Cong|Gyfraith Sylfaenol Hong Cong]], dogfen gyfansoddiadol sy'n mynnu i Hong Cong gael "gradd uchel o hunanlywodraeth" mewn pob mater ac eithrio cysylltiadau tramor ac amddiffyniad milwrol.<ref name="BasicLawC2">{{cite web|url=http://www.basiclaw.gov.hk/en/basiclawtext/chapter_2.html|title=Basic Law, Chapter II|publisher=Basic Law Promotion Steering Committee|accessdate=10 November 2009}}</ref><ref name="Ghai">{{cite book|last=Ghai|first=Yash P.|title=Autonomy and Ethnicity: Negotiating Competing Claims in Multi-ethnic States|year=2000|publisher=[[Cambridge University Press]]|isbn=978-0-521-78642-3|pages=92–97}}</ref> Er bod ei [[system amlbleidiol]] yn tyfu, mae etholyddiaeth fechan yn rheoli hanner [[Cyngor Deddfwriaethol Hong Cong|y Cyngor Deddfwriaethol]]. Hynny yw, dewisir [[Prif Weithredwr Hong Cong]], sef pennaeth y llywodraeth, gan Bwyllgor Etholiadol o 400 i 1,200 o aelodau, a bydd y system hon yn gweithredu am y 20 mlynedd gyntaf dan sofraniaeth Tsieina.<ref>{{cite web|title=Decision of the National People's Congress on the Method for the Formation of the First Government and the First Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region|url=http://www.basiclaw.gov.hk/en/basiclawtext/attached_4.html|accessdate=21 February 2012}}</ref><ref name="BasicLawC4S1">{{cite web|url=http://www.basiclaw.gov.hk/en/basiclawtext/chapter_4.html#section_1|title=Basic Law, Chapter IV, Section 1|publisher=Basic Law Promotion Steering Committee|accessdate=10 November 2009}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=Amendment to Annex I to the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China Concerning the Method for the Selection of the Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region|url=http://www.basiclaw.gov.hk/en/basiclawtext/images/Amendment_to_AnnexI.pdf}}</ref><ref name="Rioni">{{cite book|last=Rioni|first=S. G.|title=Hong Kong in Focus: Political and Economic Issues|year=2002|publisher=[[Nova Publishers]]|isbn=978-1-59033-237-5|pages=9–10}}</ref>
 
[[Delwedd:VictoriaHarbour.jpg|300px|de|bawd|Harbwr [[Victoria (Hong Cong)|Victoria]], [[Ynys Hong Cong]].]]
 
Mae Hong Cong yn un o brif [[canolfan ariannol|ganolfannau ariannol]] y byd, a chanddi economi gwasanaethau cyfalafol gyda threthi isel a masnach rydd. Yr arian cyfred, sef [[doler Hong Cong]], yw'r wythfed arian cyfred a fasnachir mwyaf yn y byd.<ref name="bis.org">{{cite journal|url=http://www.bis.org/publ/rpfxf10t.pdf|title=Triennial Central Bank Survey: Report on global foreign exchange market activity in 2010|date=December 2010|work=Monetary and Economic Department|page=12|publisher=[[Bank for International Settlements]]|accessdate=15 October 2011}}</ref>
Dechreuodd gwaith adeiladu tramffyrd ar Ynys Hong Cong ym 1903 <ref>[https://www.hktramways.com/en/our-story Tudalen hanes ar wefan tramffyrdd Hong Cong]</ref>; mae’r rhwywaith wedi cael ei estyn yn raddol, ac mae’r tramiau’n rhedeg hyd at heddiw.
 
[[Delwedd:Kowloon01LB.jpg|chwith|bawd|260px|Fferi Star yn gadael Kowloon]]
==Fferiau Star==
Dechreuodd gwasanaeth fferi dros [[Harbwr Fictoria]] rhwng Ynys Hong Cong a [[Kowloon]] ym 1880, a ffurfiwyd [[Cwmni FfriauFferiau Star]] ym 1889, sydd yn parhau i gynnig yr un wasanaeth..<ref>[http://www.starferry.com.hk/en/theCompany Gwefan starferry.com]</ref>
 
== Cyfeiriadau ==

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